KILNS OF THE WESTERN AND EASTERN REGIONS OF THE CHERNYAKHIV CULTURE: NEW MATERIALS TO THE ORGANIZATION OF POTTERY PRODUCTION


  • E. Schultze German Archaeological Institut
  • M. V. Lyubichev Kharkiv National V. N. Karazin University
Keywords: Late Roman Period, Chernyakhiv Culture, kilns, organization of the pottery production.

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to compare the pottery kilns of the Chernyakhiv culture in two disparate regions for evaluating the organization in pottery manufacturing based on the kilns, their construction and material. Today 11 sites in the western region and 5 sites in the eastern region are known each with one or several kilns. The kilns can be divided in type 1—6 after Bobrinskiy (or the variant A—C after Henning). On the current state of research type 2 seems to prevail in the western region, type 3 in the eastern region. As an example for new investigations the kilns found in Voitenki (Kharkiv county) are presented in detail.

Furthermore structures / constructions around the kilns were considered to find evidences for the existence of workshops. In both regions under discussion such remains has been observed rarely (Komariv, Voitenki). Concerning the question, if pottery was produced seasonally or all-the-year, remains of repairs in the kilns were taken into account in both regions (Lepesovka, Voitenki). Another point was the position of the kilns within the settlements. In the western region they were situated at the border of the settlement or even apart them. In the eastern region they were found in several parts of the settlement, in Voitenki in a special part, where evidences of technical works and craft activities are concentrated. After all it seems that in both regions of the Chernyakhiv culture the organization of pottery production worked on a similar economic level, but with local modifications in every settlement.

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Published
2019-03-25
How to Cite
Schultze, E., & Lyubichev, M. V. (2019). KILNS OF THE WESTERN AND EASTERN REGIONS OF THE CHERNYAKHIV CULTURE: NEW MATERIALS TO THE ORGANIZATION OF POTTERY PRODUCTION. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 30(1), 189-200. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.01.15