HANDMADE LAMPS FROM TYRAS


  • N. O. Son Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • I. M. Sheiko Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: north coast of the Black Sea, Ancient Greek epoch, Tyras, handmade lamps.

Abstract

The publication considers handmade lamps from Tyras, which are stored in the scientific funds of the Institute of Archaeology of the NAS of Ukraine and Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Local History Museum. Lighting devices are divided into five types by shape: from semi-closed post-Hellenistic forms with an elongated nozzle, to wide-open forms, so-called boat-shaped lamps. Of particular interest are several rare forms (the 6th type) that are difficult to correlate with any type. All items in this publication are dated by the period from the 4th century BC to the 4th century AD. In addition, the authors managed to find similar analogies not only in the North-Western Black Sea region, but also beyond its borders.

Handmade lamps were not items of mass production and were not intended to be widely traded. Nevertheless, they were used not massively, at a considerable area from the Northwest Black Sea coast to the Cimmerian Bosporus during the period from the 4th century BC to the 4th century AD. The abovementioned lamps, unlike certain types of handmade wares, can not be used as an ethno-indicative feature. During the periods of political and economic destabilization, the decline of crafts and trade could have led to the need for the production of handmade wares and lamps in particular.

References

Arseneva, T. M. 1988. Svetilniki Tanaisa. Moskva: Nauka.
Bruiako, I. V., Dzigovskii, A. N., Sekerskaia, N. M. 2008. Nikonii rimskoi epokhi. Odessa: SMIL
Buiskykh, A. V., Kuzmishchev, O. H., Novychenkova, M. V., Sheiko, I. M., Chechulina, I. O. 2015. Doslidzhennia v pivdenno-skhidnii chastyni rymskoi tsytadeli Olvii. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2014 r., p. 138-140.
Burakov, A. V. 1976. Kozyrskoe gorodishche rubezha i pervykh stoletii nashei ery. Kyiv: Naukova dumka.
Gavriliuk, N. A. 2010. Lepnaia keramika Tiry. In: Kryzhitskii, S. D. (ed.). Tira — Belgorod — Akkerman (materialy issledovanii). Odessa: Pechatnyi dom, p. 11-46.
Gaidukevich, V. F. 1958. Ilurat. Itogi arkheologicheskikh issledovanii 1948—1953 gg. Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, 85, p. 9-148.
Grozdanova, V. 1987. Spomenitsi od helenistichkiot period vo sr Makedonija. Skopje: Univerzitet Kiril i Metodij.
Dashevskaia, O. D. 2014. Nekropol Beliausa. Simferopol: Feniks.
Zhuravlev, D. V. 2010. Svetilniki vtoroi poloviny III v. do n. e. — IV v. n. e. Kiev: Mystetstvo.
Kastanaian, E. G. 1958. Lepnaia keramika Ilurata. Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, 85, p. 266-282.
Kastanaian, E. G. 1981. Lepnaia keramika bosporskikh gorodov. Leningrad: Nauka.
Korovina, A. K. 2002. Germonassa. Antichnyi gorod na Tamanskom poluostrove. Moskva: Gosudarstvennyi muzei izobrazitelnykh iskusstv im. A. S. Pushkina.
Korpusova, V. N. 1983. Nekropol Zolotoe (k etnokulturnoi istorii evropeiskogo Bospora). Kiev: Naukova dumka.
Kravchenko, N. M., Korpusova, V. M. 1975. Deiaki rysy materialnoi kultury piznorymskoi Tiry. Arkheolohiia, 18, p. 20-42.
Krapivina, V. V. 1993. Olviia. Materialnaia kultura I—IV vv. n. e. Kiev: Naukova dumka.
Kruglikova, I. T. 1957. Remeslennoe proizvodstvo prostoi keramіki v Pantikapee v VI — III vv. do n. e. Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, 56, p. 96-138.
Marchenko, K. K. 1988. Varvary v sostave naseleniia Berezani i Olvii vo vtoroi polovine VII — pervoi polovine I v. do n. e.: po materialam lepnoi keramiki. Leningrad: Nauka.
Molev, E. A. 2010. Bosporskii gorod Kitei. Kerch: ADEF-Ukraina. Bosporskie issledovaniia, Supplementum 6.
Furmanska, A. I. 1962. Rozkopky Tiry v 1958 r. Arkheolohichni pamiatky Ukrainskoi RSR, XI, p. 122-137.
Sheiko, I. M. 2015. Svitylnyky «hlechykopodibnoho» typu z Olvii. Laurea, I: Antichnyi mir і srednie veka: chtenia pamiati professora V. Y. Kadeeva. Materialy, p. 59-64.
Anderson-Stojanović, V. R. 1993. A Well in the Rachi Settlement at Isthmia. Hesperia, 62, 3, p. 257-302.
Bailey, D. M. 1975. A Catalogue of the Lamps in the British Museum. Greek, Hellenistic and Early Roman Pottery Lamps. London, I.
Caminneci, V. 1988. Le Lucerne greche. Agrigento, 10, p. 72-75.
Gadbery, L. M. 1992. The Sanctuary of the Twelve Gods in the Athenian Agora: a Revised View. Hesperia, 61, 4, p. 447-490.
Goldman, H., Jones, F. F. 1950. The Lamps. Excavations at Gözlü Kule, Tarsus. Princeton, 1, p. 84-109.
Howland, R. H. 1958. Greek Lamps and Their Survivals. Princeton. The Athenian Agora, IV.
Joly, E. 1974. Lucerne del Museo Di Sabratha. Roma.
Nicorescu, P. 1933. Fouilles de Tyras. Dacia, 3—4, p. 557-601.
Oziol, T. 1993. Les Lampes. In: Les Niveaux Hellénistiques. Paris, p. 295-310.
Schäfer, J. 1968. Tonlampen. In: Schäfer, J. Hellenistische Keramik aus Pergamon. Berlin: Valter de Gruyter, S. 119-153.
Shier, L. 1978. Terracotta Lamps from Karanis, Egypt. Michigan.
Szentléleky, T. 1969. Ancient Lamps. Amsterdam.
Williams, H. 1981. Kenchreai: Eastern Port of Corinth. Leiden.

Abstract views: 27
PDF Downloads: 9
Published
2018-09-22
How to Cite
SonN. O., & SheikoI. M. (2018). HANDMADE LAMPS FROM TYRAS. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 28(3), 140-146. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2018.03.13