СROSS PENDANTS FROM FEOFANIA (2016—2017 excavations)


Keywords: Ancient Rus’, cross pendants, objects of personal piety, sacral plastic.

Abstract

The article deals with the analysis of a separate category of personal piety — the cross pendants that were found during archaeological excavations in 2016—2017 on the Feofania settlements. A collection of 29 unbroken cross pendants and fragments are introduced into scientific circulation. All specimens date from the XI—XIII cc.

Comprehensive analysis of objects allowed to assume a variant of typological characteristics, taking into account the forms of completion of the arms, material and technological features. Thus, 6 major types of crosses have been identified.

The first type is crosses with curly arms. These include crosses with three-part, two-part and curved blades. The second type is crosses with straight blades. This category of cross pendants includes flat or three-sided, single-sided or double-sided cross blades with slightly extending edges; among them, crosses with iconographic images can be distinguished as a separate subtype. The third type includes two-sided crosses with spherical endings, which are square or rounded at the center, that is ornamented with an ordinary or oblique cross and images of the saints. The fourth type is a cross of the «Scandinavian» type, with embossed ornament on the front side, diamond-shaped center, the ends of which extend and have three convex circles. A separate group consists of specimens made of copper alloys and decorated with recessed enamels. This type is divided into two subtypes. The first includes crosses with rounded blades and paired projections. The second is additionally characterized by projections at the ends in the form of «ears». An amber cross was related to the individual type.

References

Bashkov, A A. 2011. Khristianskiye drevnosti Belarusi kontsa Х—ХІV vv. (predmety khristianskogo kulta individualnogo ispolzovaniya). Minsk: I. P. Logvinov.
Bonev, S., Doncheva, S. 2011. Starobalgarski proizvodstven tsentar za hudozhestven metal pri s. Novosel, Shumensko. Veliko Tarnovo: Faber.
Buzian, H., Teteria, D. 2012. Novi znakhidky stavrohrafichnykh starozhytnostei davnoruskoho chasu na terytorii tsentralnoi Pereiaslavshchyny. Naukovi zapysky z ukrainskoi istorii, 31, s. 57-62.
Hotun, I. A., Sukhonos, A. M. 2014. Kultovi predmety z poselennia Khodosivka-Roslavske. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 1, s. 55-67.
Hotun, I. A., Sukhonos, A. M, Kolybenko, M. O., Kazymir, O. M., Hun, M. O. 2013. Doslidzhennia selyshcha Khodosivka-Roslavske. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2012 r., s. 194-195.
Zhurzhalina, N. P. 1961. Datirovka drevnerusskikh privesok-amuletov. Sovetskaya arkheologiya, 2, s. 122-140.
Ivakin, V. H. 2016. Predmety osobystoho blahochestia z honcharnoho posadu Davnoruskoho Vyshhorodu (za materialamy arkheolohichnykh doslidzhen 2015 r.). Sivershchyna v istorii Ukrainy, 9, s. 153-157.
Ivakin, H. Yu., Ivakin, V. H., Bibikov, D. V., Baranov, V. I., Zotsenko, I. V., Chmil, L. V., Olenych, A. M. 2017. Materialy naukovo-riativnykh doslidzhen arkhitekturno-arkheolohichnoi ekspedytsii 2016 r. v ekspozytsii arkheolohichnoho muzeiu IA NUNU. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 3 (24), s. 133-144.
Kayl, V. A., Nechitaylo, V. V. 2006. Katalog natelnykh khristianskikh krestov, podvesok i nakladok s izobrazheniyem kresta perioda Kievskoy Rusi Х—ХІІІ st. Moskva: Maksim.
Kokorina, N. A. 2013. Nagrudnyye kresty drevnerusskogo vremeni iz arkheologicheskikh kollektsiy Gosudarstvennogo Vladimiro-Suzdalskogo muzeya-zapovednika. Vladimir: GVZMZ.
Kolpakova, Yu. V. 2007. Khristianskiye drevnosti naseleniya Pskova i Pskovskoy zemli kontsa X—XVIII v. (predmety lichnogo blagochestiya). Avtoreferat dissertatsii k. i. n. Pskov: PGPU im. S. M. Kirova.
Kutasov, S. N., Seleznev, A. B. 2010. Natelnyye kresty. krestovklyuchennyye i krestovidnyye podveski. Moskva: Gruppa Iskateli.
Lysenko, S. D., Shklyarevskiy, E. I., Kvitnitskiy, M. V., Chernovol, D. K. 2012. Mnogosloynoye poseleniye Koshcheyevka 8. Kiev; Fastov.
Makarov, N. A. 1991. K otsenke khristianizatsii drevnerusskoy derevni v XI—XIII vv. (pogrebeniya s krestami i obrazkami Belozeria i Kargopolia). Kratkie soobshcheniia Instituta arkheologii, 205, s. 11-20
Malm, V. A. 1968. Krestiki s emalyu. In: Krupnov, E. I. (ed.). Slavyane i Rus. Moskva: Nauka, s. 113-117.
Mugurevich, E. S. 1965. Vostochnaya Latviya i sosedniye zemli v ХІІ—ХІІІ vv. Riga: Zinatne.
Nechitaylo, V. V. 2000. Katalog khristiyanskikh nagrudnikh virobіv mistetstva perіodu Kyivskoї Rusі (Х — persha polovina ХІІІ st.). Kyiv: Maksim.
Pokrovska, L. V., Stepanov, A. M., Singkh, V. K. 2017. Natelnyye kresty, krestovidnyye priveski XI — nachala ХІІ v. (po materialam Troitskikh ХІІІ i XIV raskopov). In: Shcheglova, O. A. (ed.). V Kamne i bronze. Sbornik statey v chest Anny Peskovoy. Sankt-Peterburg: IIMK RAN, s. 467-474.
Rybakov, B. A. 1987. Yazychestvo drevney Rusi. Moskva: Nauka.
Savytskyi, V. 2014. Nahrudni miniatiurni khresty ta pidvisky z khrestamy Kniazhoi Doby u zbirtsi Liubomlskoho kraieznavchoho muzeiu. Kniazha doba: istoriia i kultura, 8, s. 181-207.
Sedova, M. V. 1981. Yuvelyrnыe yzdelyia Drevneho Novhoroda (X—XV vv.). Moskva: Nauka.
Syta, L. F. 2011. Khrestyky z rozkopok u Shestovytsi iz zibrannia Chernihivskoho istorychnoho muzeiu imeni V. V. Tarnovskoho. In: Khrystyianizatsiini vplyvy v Kyivskii Rusi za chasiv kniazia Oskolda: 1150 rokiv. Materialy mizhnarodnoi naukovoi konferentsii 19—20 lystopada 2010 roku m. Chernihiv. Chernihiv; Lutsk, s. 242-248.
Staniukovych, A. K., Osypov, Y. N., Solovev, N. M. 2003. Tysiacheletye kresta. Moskva: Klub Rarytet.
Fekhner, M. V. 1968. Krestovidnyye priveski «skandinavskogo» tipa. In: Krupnov, E. I. (ed.) Slavyane i Rus: k shestidesyatiletiyu akademika B. A. Rybakova. Moskva: Nauka, s. 210-214.
Khamaiko, N. V., Koltovoi, M. O., Zhurukhina, O. Yu. 2014. Burshtyn z arkheolohichnykh rozkopok Kyivskoho Podolu 2008 r. Visnyk Natsionalnoho naukovo-pryrodnychoho muzeiu, 12, s. 12-17.
Chudnovets, A. A. 2008. Katalog srednevekovoy melkoy plastiki. Moskva: Minuvsheye.
Shovkoplias, H. M. 1958. Arkheolohichni pam’iatky hory Kyselivky v Kyievi. Pratsi Kyivskoho derzhavnoho istorychnoho muzeiu, 1, s. 133-157.

Abstract views: 68
PDF Downloads: 215
Published
2019-12-25
How to Cite
Pavlova, M. P. (2019). СROSS PENDANTS FROM FEOFANIA (2016—2017 excavations). Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 33(4), 247-254. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.04.16