WOODEN ARTEFACTS FROM RAIKY HILLFORT


  • M. S. Serhieieva Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: Dnipro right bank area, Ancient Rus, Raiky hillfort, wood processing, timber.

Abstract

The article deals with a timber used in the woodworking of the population of Raiky hillfort (now Berdychiv Region of Zhytomyr Oblast). Wooden artefacts preserved in the Scientific Repository of the Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine also were introduced into scientific circulation. The work is based on two information blocks: archival data (the manuscript of T. M. Movchanivskyi) and data on the study of the materials of the Repository carried out by the author.

Archival materials allow us to talk about wood used in construction. The main building material was oak (Quercus sp.), birch was also used (Betula sp.), and individual details could be made of lime tree (Tilia sp.).

A knife handle, a fragmented spinning comb, fragments of carved and turned vessels, a handle of a tool (maybe of a shovel) represent the materials from the Repository. Such species of wood as alder (Alnus sp.) for turned and carved vessels and a knife handle, birch (Betula sp.) for a fragment of a thick-walled carved vessel, pear for a comb (Pyrus sp.), oak (Quercus sp.) for a shovel handle (?), and hazel (Corylus sp.) for a fragment of a cooperage hoop were identified.

Thus, local resources were used in various areas of wood processing.

The conducted research contribute to the expansion of the existing database on the archaeological wood. In the future, this will allow the use of the information obtained in the context of the study of palaeoeconomy and economic activity of the population of Ancient Rus.

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Published
2018-09-22
How to Cite
SerhieievaM. S. (2018). WOODEN ARTEFACTS FROM RAIKY HILLFORT. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 28(3), 205-210. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2018.03.18