YAGORLYK KURGANS OF THE LEFT BANK OF THE DNIESTER: HISTORY OF EXPLORATION, CARTOGRAPHY AND TOPOGRAPHY


  • I. V. Sаpоzhnykov Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • Yi. V. Boltryk Institute of Archaeology, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: the kurgans, Left Bank of the Middle Dniester, Yagorlyk and Sukhyi Yagorlyk; the watershed cape, the history of exploration, cartography, topography, trade routes, roads, excavation perspectives.

Abstract

The article is devoted to the kurgans which are located on the 45 km long cape, formed by the valleys of the Yagorlyk and Sukhyi Yagorlyk rivers, which merge at the left bank of the Dniester. These burial mounds were mentioned and even painted by J. A. Münz (1781), and then described and put on cards by A. K. Meyer and F. P. de Volan (1791).

Topographers and archaeologists have noted up to 120 mounds reaching a height of 8—9 m in this local region. Most of them are stretched along the top of the watershed, some groups stand with two parallel lines, a number of chains of kurgans are oriented across the watershed. In general, they mark the site of the ancient trade route, along which it was possible to travel from the Dniester to the north to the forest-steppe; to the east to the Dnipro region and to the south-east to the Danube delta and the Black Sea.

References

Andreyev, P. N. 1898. Illyustrirovannyy putevoditel po Yugo-Zapadnym kazen. zhelezn. dorogam. Kiev: S. V. Kulzhenko.
Boltrik, Yu V. 2009. Drevniye puti soobshcheniy Pravoberezhnoy Ukrainy. In: Vasilyev, S. A., Kulakovskaya, L. V. (ed.). S. N. Bibikov i pervobytnaya arkheologiya. Sankt-Peterburg: Eleksis-Print, s. 381-389.
Boltrik,Yu. V. 1990. Sukhoputnyye kommunikatsii Skifii (po materialam novostroyechnykh issledovaniy ot Priazovia do Dnepra). Sovetskaja arkheologija, 4, s. 30-44.
Boltrik, Yu. V. 2013. Territorialnyye tsentry Skifii. In: Kovalenko, A. N. (ed.). Prichernomorye a antichnoye i srednevekovoye vremya. Rostov na Donu: Yuzhnyy Federalnyy universitet, s. 193-202.
Boltrik, Yu. V. 2015. Elitnyye kurgany kak markery territorialnoy struktury Skifii. In: Beysenov, A. Z. (ed.). Sakskaya kultura Saryarki v kontekste izucheniya etnosotsiokulturnykh protsessov Stepnoy Evrazii. Almaty: Begazy-Tasmola, s. 77-83.
Boriskovskiy, P. O. 1964 Razvedki pamyatnikov kamennogo veka v Odesskoy oblasti. Kratkiye soobshcheniya Odesskogo arkheologicheskogo muzeya za 1962 g. Odessa: Mayak, s. 12-17.
Vanchugov, V. P. 1983. Baltskaya gruppa pamyatnikov epokhi pozdney bronzy. In: Dzis-Rayko, G. A. (ed.). Materialy po arkheologii Severnogo Prichernomoria. Kiev: Naukova dumka, s. 88-101.
Volan, F. P. 2002. Otchet otnositelno geograficheskogo i topograficheskogo polozheniya Provintsii Ozu ili Edisan. obychno nazyvayemoy Ochakovskaya step. sluzhashchiy poyasneniyem k kartami planam. snyatym po vysochayshemu ukazaniyu In: Sidorov, O. O. (ed.). Naslediye F. P. De-Volana: iz istorii porta, goroda, kraya. Odessa: Astroprint, s. 74-200.
Goshkevich, V. I. 1903. Klady i drevnosti Khersonskoy gubernii. Kherson: Yug.
Grigorovich, V. 1876. Zapiska o posobiyakh k izucheniyu yuzhnorusskoy zemli, nakhodyashchikhsya v voyenno-uchenom arkhive Glavnogo shtaba. Zapiski Novorossiyskogo universiteta, XX, s. 1-45.
Dal, V. 2001. Tolkovyy slovar zhivogo velikorusskogo yazika, 4. Moskva: Olma-press.
Dzyhovskyi, O. M., Samoilova, T. L., Smolianinova, S. P., Vanchuhov, V. P. 2003. Arkheolohichni pam’iatky Tylihulo-Dnistrovskoho mezhyrichchia. Odesa: Astroprynt.
Dzis-Rayko, G. A., Chernyakov, I. T. 1981. Zolotaya chasha vylchetrynovskogo tipa iz Severo-Zapadnogo Prichernomoria, Sovetskaja arkheologija, 1, s. 151-161.
Dobrolyubskiy, A. O. 1986. Kochevniki Severo-Zapadnogo Prichernomoria v epokhu srednevekovia. Kiev: Naukova dumka.
Kakhovskiy, V. 1875. Vedomosti chetyrekh uyezdov, sostavlyayushchikh novopriobretennuyu oblast ot Porty Ottomanskoy i prisoyedinennuyu k Ekaterinoslavskomu namestnichestvu. Zapiski Odesskogo obshchestva istorii i drevnostey, IX, s. 320-331.
Kovalenko, S. I., Sinika, V. S., Telnov, N. P. 2011. Svod arkheologicheskikh pamyatnikov Dubossarskogo rayona Pridnestrovskoy Moldavskoy Respubliki. Tiraspol: Poligrafist.
Kravchenko, A. A. 1960. Arkheolohichni pam’iatky v dolynakh richok Trostianets i Yahorlyk. Materialy z arkheolohii Pivnichnoho Prychornomor’ia, III, s. 167-175.
Meyer, A. 1794. Povestvovennoye, zemlemernoye i estestvoslovnoye opisaniye Ochakovskaya zemlya, soderzhashcheyesya v dvukh doneseniyakh. Sankt-Peterburg: Pech. u I. K. Shnora.
Mytsyk, O. Iu. 2005. Pivdenna Ukraina kintsia XVIII st. v albomi Zhana Anri Miuntsa. Zaporizhzhia: Tandem-U.
Otchet Arkheologicheskoy komissii za 1902 g. 1904. Sankt-Peterburg: Tipografiya Glavnogo upravleniya Udelov.
Okhotnikov, S. B. 1984. Skifskiy mech iz g. Kotovska Odesskoy oblasti. In: Dzis-Rayko, G. A (ed.). Severnoye Prichernomorye: materialy po arkheologii. Kiev: Naukova dumka, s. 112-113.
Petrun, F. 1928. Nove pro tatarsku starovynu Bozko-Dnistrianskoho stepu. Skhidnyi svit, 6, s. 155-175.
Petrun, F. O. 1929. Starovynni shliakhy Odeshchyny. Visnyk Odeskoi komisii kraieznavstva: seriia sotsiialno-istorychna, 4—5, s. 32-43.
Pyvovar, A. V., Pieshyi, O. I., Shliakhovyi, K. V. 2010. Zemelni banky Novorosiiskoho kraiu: za opysamy fondiv Odeskoho, Dnipropetrovskoho ta Kirovohradskoho arkhiviv. Kyiv: Akademperiodyka.
Sapozhnikov, I. V. 1989a. Arkheologicheskoye kartografirovaniye: metodika i praktika. In: Vinogradov, Yu. G., Toshchev, G. N. (ed.). Problemy skifo-sarmatskoy arkheologii Severnogo Prichernomoria. Tezisy dokladov konferentsii. Zaporozhye: Kommunar, s. 141-142.
Sapozhnikov, I. V. 1989b. Otchet o rabotakh Bugo-Dnestrovskoy novostroyechnoy ekspeditsii IA AN USSR v 1988 g. NA IA NANU, 1988/24.
Sapozhnykov, I. V. 1991. Arkheolohichni rozvidky dlia «Zvodu pamiatok istorii ta kultury URSR» i kraieznavstvo. Rozvytok istorychnoho kraieznavstva v konteksti natsionalnoho i kulturnoho vidrodzhennia Ukrainy. Tezy dopovidei V-i Vseukrainskoi konferentsii. Kyiv, Kamianets-Podilskyi: b. v., s. 498-499.
Sapozhnykov, I. V. 2003. Kartohrafiia ta yii metody v arkheolohii. In: Sossa, R. І. (ed.). Natsionalne kartohrafuvannia: stan, problemy ta perspektyvy rozvytku. Kyiv: Kartohrafiia, s. 317-319.
Sapozhnikov, I. V., Novitskiy, E. Yu. 1991. Kurgany v dolinakh rek Yagorlyk i Trostyanets (opyt topograficheskogo analiza) In: Dobrolyubskiy, A. O. (ed.). Okhrannyye istoriko-arkheologicheskiye issledovaniya na Yugo-Zapade Ukrainy. Odessa, Zaporozhye: Odesskiy oblpoligrafizdat, s. 49-70.
Sokolovskiy, V. G. 1895. Zemskiye dorogi i dorozhnyye sooruzheniya Tiraspolskogo uyezda. Odessa: Slavyanskaya tip.
Soobshcheniye E. R. fon Shternom pisma g. Karuzo o raskopkakh v Tiraspolskom. 1911. Zapiski Odesskogo obshchestva istorii i drevnostey, XXIX, s. 20-21.
Terenozhkin, A. I. 1975. Kimmeriyskiye mechi i kinzhaly. In: Terenozhkin, A. I. (ed.). Skifskiy mir. Kiev: Naukova dumka, s. 3-34.
Terenozhkin, A. I. 1976. Kimmeriytsy. Kiev: Naukova dumka.
Trubachev, O. N. 1968. Nazvaniya rek Pravoberezhnoy Ukrainy. Slovoobrazovaniye. Etimologiya. Etnicheskaya interpretatsiya. Moskva: Nauka.
Trubachev, O. N. 2003. Etnogenez i kultura drevneyshikh slavyan. Lingvisticheskiye issledovaniya. Moskva: Nauka.
Fabritsius, I. V 1951. Arkheologicheskaya karta Prichernomoria Ukrainskoy SSR, І. Kiev: AN USSR.
Chernyakov, I. T. 1965. Krasnomayatskiy klad liteyshchika. In: Sinitsyn, M. S. (ed.). Kratkiye soobshcheniya Odesskogo arkheologicheskogo muzeya za 1963 g. Odesa: Mayak, s. 87-123.
Yastrebov, V. 1894. Opyt topograficheskogo analiza drevnostey Khersonskoy gubernii. Zapiski Odesskogo obshchestva istorii i drevnostey, XVІI, s. 63-177.
Gangan, А. 1993. Repertoriul monumentelor arhсeologice din raionul Dubăsari. Arhiva MNIM, n 19.

Abstract views: 49
PDF Downloads: 63
Published
2018-03-22
How to Cite
SаpоzhnykovI. V., & Boltryk, Y. V. (2018). YAGORLYK KURGANS OF THE LEFT BANK OF THE DNIESTER: HISTORY OF EXPLORATION, CARTOGRAPHY AND TOPOGRAPHY. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 26(1), 45-65. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2018.01.03