PHANTOM SCYTHIANS MOUND NEAR THE SUMY CITY


  • E. Ju. Loginova State Hermitage Museum
Keywords: Scythian-type wagon, mound near Sumy city, N. E. Makarenko, Elizabethan burial ground, N. E. Veselovsky.

Abstract

In 1926 collection of items that allegedly were founded in a mound near the Sumy city of Kharkov province was transferred to the State Hermitage museum from the storehouse of antiquities of the State Academy for the History of Material Culture. According to the information given in the museums inventory book, this mound was excavated by N. E. Makarenko in 1915. However we couldn’t find any documents confirming this research. Even if the mound near the Sumy city existed, details of its structure as well as circumstances of the items discovery are still unknown. The most of peculiar interest items in the Hermitage collection are numerous iron parts of two Scythian-type wagons. In this article we have proposed the reconstruction of the wheels of these wagons that based in the analysis of the items. For some parts of wagons we have found analogies in the Scythian mounds in the Dnieper and the Kuban areas. At the same time, in the Hermitage collection there are Sindo-Meotian type swords and Meotian pottery of the IV century BC. Considering this fact, we have reviewed an alternative version of the origin of wagons parts. Some indirect signs allow us to correlate items from a mound near the Sumy city with the famous Elizabethan burial mounds. This fact is confirmed also by the comparison items from Hermitage collection with archive documents of excavations of the Elizabethan burial ground, in particular, with the photo of the wheels that were founded in the mound, excavated in 1915.

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Published
2018-06-22
How to Cite
Loginova, E. J. (2018). PHANTOM SCYTHIANS MOUND NEAR THE SUMY CITY. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 27(2), 321-329. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2018.02.22