TASMOLA MONUMENTS OF CENTRAL KAZAKHSTAN IN THE STUDIES OF THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY


  • A. Z. Beisenov Institute of Archaeology named after A. H. Margulan
Keywords: Tasmola culture, Central Kazakhstan, Korgantass period, radiocarbon analyses, burial, settlement, periodization.

Abstract

According to archaeological researches, in the early Saka period the steppe areasof Central, Northern Kazakhstan and the Southern Trans-Urals were inhabited by the tribes of the great Tasmola historical and cultural community. The tribes of Central Kazakhstan constitute the core of this community. For the first time, Tasmola archaeological culture was discovered and described by M. K. Kadyrbaevin 1966. Today a significant amount of new data has been gathered, which allows us to expand our understanding of the peculiarities of that culture. The article presents an overview of the main content of new studies and publishes data on radiocarbon analyses, first obtained from the monuments of Tasmola culture. More than 60 analyses from the monuments of the Early Iron Age of Central Kazakhstan were made by A. Z. Beisenov in the Kiev radiocarbon laboratory (Kiev, Ukraine), in the laboratories of the Royal University of Belfast, (Northern Ireland, Great Britain), the Russian State Pedagogical University (Sankt-Peterburg, Russia). The article contains data from 41 analyses on Tasmola culture and 6 analyses on the monuments of the Korgantass period. In Tasmolaseries 33 dates were obtained from 31 burials, 8 dates were obtained from 6 settlements. At the present stage of the research the origins of Tasmola culture can be attributed to the middle of the 8th century BC. During the late V — early IV centuries BC there is a change of cultures, there are few burial places of the Korgantass periodin the region. The author believes that further studies are needed for more detailed internal periodization of Tasmola culture. Now we can say that numerous and most vivid monuments are common for the early stage of culture. All present researches are carried out in the eastern part of Central Kazakhstan.

References

Alekseyev, A. Y. 2003. Choronografiya Evropeiskoi Skifii VII—VI vv. do n. e. Sankt-Peterburg: Gosudarvstenniy Ermitazh.
Alekseyev, A. Y., Bokovenko, N. A., Vasileyev, S. S., Dergachev, V. A., Zayeceva, G. I., Kovalyh, N. N., Kuk, G., van der Pliht, I., Possnert, G., Semencov, A. A., Scott, E. M., Chugunov, K. V. 2005. Evraziya v skifskyyepohy: arheologicheskaya i radioyglerodnaya chronologiya. Sankt-Peterburg: Teza.
Beisenov, A. Z. 2014. Ser’gi sakskoi epohi. Vestnik TomGU, 6(32), s. 121-128.
Beisenov, A. Z. 2017a. Kurgani s «usami» Tsentral’nogo Kazahstana. In: Beisenov, A. Z., Loman, V. G. (ed.). Arheologicheskoe nasledie Tsentral’nogo Kazahstana: izychenie i soxranenie. Sbornikstatei, posvyachennii 70-letiy Tsentral’no-Kazahstanaskoi arheologicheskoi ekspedicii. Almati: NITs istorii i arheologii Begazi-Tasmola, 2, s. 31-37.
Beisenov, A. Z. 2017b. Tasmolinskaya kul’tura Saryarki. Kazahstan v sakskyyepohy. Kollektivnaya monografiya. Almati: Institutarheologii, s. 59-100.
Beisenov, A. Z. 2017c. Korgantasskie pogrebeniya v Tsentral’nom Kazahstane. In: Bazarov, B. V., Kradin, N. N. (ed.). Aktualnie voprosi arheologii i etnologii Tsentral’noi Azii: materiali II mezdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferencii, posvyachennoi 80-letiy d. i. n., prof. P. B. Konovalova, g. Ulan-Ude, 4—6 dekabrya 2017 g. Ulan-Ude, s. 103-108.
Beisenov, A. Z., Ismagulova, A. O., Kitov, E. P., Kitova, A. O. 2015. Naselenie Tsentralnogo Kazahstana v I tys. do n. e. Almati: Institut arheologii.
Beisenov, A. Z., Jumabekova, G. S., Bazarbayeva, G. A., Duisenbai, D. B., Akhiyarov, I. K. 2017. Vihreviekompozii v iskusstve sakov Kazahstana. Arheologiya i davnya istoriya Ukraini, 2, s. 40-58.
Beisenov, A. Z., Loman, V. G. 2009. K problem slojeniya rannesakskih poselencheskih kompleksov Tsentral’nogo Kazahstana. Vestnik Universiteta Kainar, 4, 2, s. 12-15.
Beisenov, A. Z., Minasyan, R. S. 2015. Zerkalo is tasmolinskogo mogil’nika Birlik. Vestnik DagNTs RAN, 58, s. 58-62.
Beisenov, A. Z., Shulga, P. I., Loman, V. G. 2017. Poseleniya sakskoi epohi. Almati: NITs istorii i arheologii Begazi-Tasmola.
Beisenov, A. Z., Tairov, A. D., Zaikov, V. V., Blinov, I. A. 2011. Sostav zolotih izdeliy iz mogil’nika Taldi 2. Sakskaya kultura Sariarki v kontekste izycheniya etnosociokul’turniy processov stepnoi Evrazii: tezisi dokladov, Karagandi, s. 21-25.
Beisenov, A. Z., Shablavina, E. A. 2015. Osobennosti lit’ya predmetov konskogo snyarajeniya tasmolinskoy kul’turi. Vestnik TomGU, Istoriya, 4 (36), s. 105-112.
Beisenov, A. Z., Havrin, S. V. 2015. Metallicheskie izdeliya tasmolinskih pyamatnikov Tsentral’nogo Kazahstana. Izvestiya SamNTs RAN, 17, 3 (2), s. 526-531.
Bryako, I. V. 2005. Rannie kochevniki v Evrope (X—V vv. do R. H.). Kishinev: Vishaya antropologicehskaya shkola.
Grechko, D. S. 2016. Ot arhaicheskoy Skifii k klassicheskoi. Arheologiya i davnya istoriya Ukraini, 2, s. 33-60.
Daragan, M. N. 2015. Nakonechniki strel predskifskogo i ranneskifskogo vremeni: tehnologiya izgotovleniya, metrologiya i markirovka. Trudi Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha, 77, s. 127-170.
Ermolayeva, A. S. 2015. Pamyatniki predgornoi zoni Kazahskogo Altaya (epoha bronzi-rannee zhelezo). Almati: Institut arheologii.
Kadyrbayev, M. K. 1966a. Pamyatniki tasmolinskoi kul’turi. In: Margulan, A. H., Akishev, K. A., Kadyrbayev, M. K., Orazbayev, A. M. Drevnaya kul’tura Tsentral’nogo Kazahstana, Alma-Ata: Nauka, s. 303-433.
Kadyrbayev, M. K. 1966b. S. S. Chernikov. Zagadka zolotogo kurgana. Moskva, 1965. Izvestiya AN KazSSR. Seriya obchestvennaya, 3, s. 79-82.
Kovpanenko, G. T., Bessonova, S. S., Skoriy, S. A. 1989. Pamyatniki skifskoy epohi Dneprovskogo lesostepnogo Pravoberezh’ya (Kievo-Cherkasskii region). Kiev: Naukova dumka.
Ryabkova, T. V. 2014. Kurgan 524 u s. Zhabotin v sisteme pamyatnikov perioda skifskoi arhaiki. Arheologicheskii ezhegodnik, 4, s. 372-413.
Svyatko, S. V., Beisenov, A. Z. 2017. Pervie izotopnie dannie o diete naseleniya tasmolinskoi kul’turi. Samarskii naychnii vestnik, 6, 3 (20), s. 223-227.
Skoriy, S. A. 2003. Skifi v Dneprovskoi Рravoberezhnoi lesostepi (problema videleniya iranskogo etnokul’turnogo elementa). Kiev: IA NANU.
Beisenov, A. Z., Svyatko, S. V., Kassenalin, A. Е., Zhambulatov, K. А., Duisenbai, D., Reimer, P. J. 2016. First Radiocarbon Chronology for the Early Iron Age Sites of Central Kazakhstan (Tasmola Culture and Korgantas Period). Radiocarbon, 58, p. 179-191.
Tur, S. S., Svyatko, S. V., Beisenov, A. Z., Tishkin, A. A., 2016. An Exceptional Case of Healed Vertebral Wound with Trapped Bronze Arrowhead: Analysis of a 7th—6th c. BC Individual from Central Kazakhstan. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 26, p. 740-746.

Abstract views: 68
PDF Downloads: 390
Published
2018-06-22
How to Cite
Beisenov, A. Z. (2018). TASMOLA MONUMENTS OF CENTRAL KAZAKHSTAN IN THE STUDIES OF THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 27(2), 386-396. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2018.02.28