FROM THE BARROW «REPYAHOVATAYA GRAVE» TO THE BARROW 407 NEAR THE VILLAGE HUROVKA / ZHURAVKA (CHRONOLOGY)


  • T. M. Kuznetsova Institute of Archaeology, Russian Academy of Sciences
Keywords: chronological system, Scythian archaic, Dnieper forest-steppe, Northern Caucasus.

Abstract

The article continues the work connected with the construction (restoration) of the chronological system of the Scythian archaic period according to archaeological data.

The composition of the accompanying equipment of the barrow «Repyahovataya Grave», which includes items with static dates (mirrors with a side handle, dating no earlier than the second quarter of the 6th century BC — imitation of «Corinthian» forms that appeared in Greece within the specified time), allowed considering it as a chronoindicator for the monuments of the early Scythian period.

The erection of the barrow «Repyahovataya Grave» does not go beyond the second quarter — the middle of the 6th century BC, which connects it with the return of Scythian army of King Madia from the campaign to the Near East.

The similarity of the accompanying equipment of the «Repyahovatoy Graves» and Kelermes (nine categories) showed that Kelermes also refers to «post-campaign» time and dates not earlier than the last decade of the first quarter of the 6th century BC taking to account the distance of the monuments from each other.

The proximity of materials from the tombs of the barrow «Repyahovataya Mogila» and the mound 407 near the village of Zhurovka / Zhuravka is established by the presence of horse equipment, stone dishes, scoops, knives, temple rings and beads. Comparison of the data allows us to date the mound 407 in the village of Zhurovka / Zhuravka within the second quarter of the 6th century BC and assume that these monuments, considering Kelermes too, were abandoned by representatives of the Scythian community, which quickly advanced from the North Caucasus in a western direction at the turn of the first and second quarters of the 6th century BC.

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Published
2018-06-22
How to Cite
Kuznetsova, T. M. (2018). FROM THE BARROW «REPYAHOVATAYA GRAVE» TO THE BARROW 407 NEAR THE VILLAGE HUROVKA / ZHURAVKA (CHRONOLOGY). Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 27(2), 446-457. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2018.02.34