THE EXCAVATION IN VYSHGOROD IN 1936


Keywords: Vyshgorod, hillfort, suburbs, Kyiv Rus, Golden Horde period, Modern times, material culture

Abstract

The archives and archaeological materials from excavations in Vyshgorod in 1936 are analysed in the paper. This year the large-scale excavations were conducted on the territory of the old city: near the church of st. Borys and Hlib, two sites in the northeast part of the hillfort and few trenches in different parts of the town.

The obtained results correlate with the reports of the narrative sources and indicate the significant development of the city in the period from the 11th to the mid-13th century. The rapid development of the city occurs at that time: the mausoleum of Sts. Borys and Hlib (explored in 1935—1936) becomes the main architectural dominant of the city area. A city square with dwellings and outbuildings were located around the church. The analysis of the archival materials and artefacts from the excavations in 1936 made it possible to clarify and re-examine the allegations established in the works of the mid-20th century.

The author proves that discovered objects have different chronology. For example, dwellings, outbuilding, pits and sacral building of the 11th—13th centuries are pit 1 (site 1), the foundations and remains of the walls of the church of Sts. Borys and Hlib (site 1; site W) and oven 1 (site 4). The ones dated by the middle of the 11th and the 12th centuries are building 1 (site 1) and pit 1 (site 4). Structures of the 12th and 13th centuries are pit 2 (site 1) and oven 1 (site 4); of the second half of the 13th—14th centuries are building 1 (site «W»), building 1, pit 2 (site 4). Finally, dated by the 17th—19th centuries are building 2, burials 1, 2 (site 1) and burials 1—19 (site 4). The cultural layers and objects exclusively of Kyiv Rus time were found on the territory of suburbs (pottery furnaces 1 and 2 in a trench at the south of the hillfort; burials 1—3 in trenches on the territory of the Doroshenko estate).

In general, the obtained results confirm and at some moments substantially detail our knowledge on the historical development of the city during the Middle Ages and Modern times.

References

Antonovich, V. B. 1895. Arkheologicheskaia karta Kievskoi gubernii. Moskva: M. G. Volchaninov.

Arkheolohichni… 1936a. Arkheolohichni roboty po doslidzhenniu Vyshhoroda 1936 r. Inventarna knyha. NA IA NAN Ukriany, f. IIMK, Vyshhorod, 33.

Arkheolohichni… 1936b. Arkheolohichni roboty po doslidzhenniu Vyshhoroda v 1936 r. Uryvok shchodennyka Dil. N 1 kv. 5—7 pro rozboru zavaliv kaminnia ta yam — okremi storinky. NA IA NAN Ukriany, f. IIMK, Vyshhorod, 49.

Beliaeva, S. A. 1982. Iuzhnorusskie zemli vo vtoroi polovine XIII—XIV vv. (po arkheologicheskim issledovaniiam). Kiev: Naukova dumka.

Bibikov, D. V. 2016. Vyshhorodska tserkva-mavzolei sviatykh Borysa i Hliba: pidsumky doslidzhen ta novi dani. Arkheolohiia, 4, s. 106-120.

Bibikov, D. V. 2018a. Vyshhorod ta yoho okruha v X—XIII st. Avtoreferat k. i. n. IA NAN Ukrainy, Kyiv.

Bibikov, D. V. 2018b. Vyshhorod ta yoho okruha v X—XIII st. Dystrtaciz k. i. n. IA NAN Ukrainy. Kyiv.

Voznyi, I. P. 2009a. Istoryko-kulturnyi rozvytok naselennia mezhyrichchia Verkhnoho Siretu ta Serednoho Dnistra v X—XIV st. Kyiv; Chernivtsi: Zoloti lytavry, 1: Poselennia.

Voznyi, I. P. 2009b. Istoryko-kulturnyi rozvytok naselennia mezhyrichchia Verkhnoho Siretu ta Serednoho Dnistra v X—XIV st. Kyiv; Chernivtsi: Zoloti lytavry, 2: Materialna, dukhovna kultura ta sotsialno-istorychnyi rozvytok.

Honcharov, V. K. 1936. Shchodennyk asystenta Vyshhorodskoi arkheolohichnoi ekspedytsii 1936 r. NA IA NAN Ukriany, f. IIMK, Vyshhorod, 44.

Dehtiar, T., Orlov, R. 2005. Vyshhorod. Mynule i suchasne. Kyiv: Rada.

Dovzhenok, V. Y. 1950. Ohliad arkheolohichnoho vyvchennia drevnoho Vyshhoroda za 1934—1937 rr. Arkheolohiia, III, s. 64-92.

Zatsepina, G. N. 1936a. Ostatki monumentalnogo sooruzheniia v Vyshgorode. NA IA NAN Ukriany, f. IIMK, Vyshhorod, 37.

Zatsepina, H. M. 1936b. Shchodennyk nachalnyka rozkopu dilianky N 1 1936 r. NA IA NAN Ukriany, f. IIMK, Vyshhorod, 46.

Zotsenko, V. M. 2009. Drevnerusskii Vyshgorod. Istoriko-arkheologicheskii obzor. Boriso-Glebskii sbornik. Collectanea Borisoglebica, 1, s. 15-56.

Ivakik, H. Yu. 1996. Istorychnyi rozvytok Kyieva XIII — seredyny XVI st. (istoryko-topohrafichni narysy). Kyiv: IA NAN Ukrainy.

Kapustin, K. M. 2012a. Vyshhorod u zolotoordynskyi chas (za materialamy rozkopok 1936―1937 rr. ta 1947 r.). Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 8, s. 146-151.

Kapustin, K. M. 2012b. Kompleksy pisliamonholskoho chasu z Horodska (za materialamy rozkopok 1946 r.). Novi doslidzhennia pam’iatok kozatskoi doby v Ukraini, 21, 1, s. 108-114.

Kapustin, K. M. 2018. Davnoruskyi i zolotoordynskyi horyzonty serednovichnoho Vyshhoroda. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 3 (28), s. 147-157.

Karger, M. K. 1961. Drevnii Kiev: ocherki po istorii materialnoi kultury drevnerusskogo goroda. Moskva; Leningrad: AN SSSR, 2.

Kolchin, B. A. 1953. Chernaia metallurgiia i metalloobrabotka v Drevnei Rusi (Domongolskii period). Moskva: AN SSSR. Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, 32.

Kuchera, M. P. 1969. Pro odnu hrupu serednovichnoi keramiky na terytorii URSR. In: Bidzilia, V. I., (ed.). Slov’iano-ruski starozhytnosti. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, s. 174-181.

Kuchera, M. P. 1986. Keramika. In: Artemenko, I. I. (ed.). Arkheologiia Ukrainskoi SSR. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 3: Ranneslavianskii i drevnerusskii periody, p. ІІІ, gl. 5, s. 446-454.

Malevskaia, M. V. 2005. Keramika zapadnorusskikh gorodov X—XIII vv. Moskva: IIMK RAN.

Movchanivskyi, F. M. 1935a. Shchodennyk rozkopiv (03.07—04.08.1935 r.). NA IA NAN Ukriany, f. IIMK, Vyshhorod, 24.

Movchanivskyi, F. M. 1935b. Vyshhorodska arkheolohichna ekspedytsiia. NA IA NAN Ukriany, f. IIMK, Vyshhorod, 3.

Movchanivskyi, F. M. 1936. Shchodennyk kerivnyka Vyshhorodskoi ekspedytsii IIMK. NA IA NAN Ukriany, f. IIMK, Vyshhorod, 42.

Natanson, D. P. 1936. Shchodennyk rozkopok na diliantsi 1 u 1936 r. Vyshhorodskoiu ekspedytsiieiu IIMK. NA IA NAN Ukriany, f. IIMK, Vyshhorod, 43.

Onohda, O. V. 2007. Do pytannia pro svoieridnu hrupu keramiky pisliamonholskoho chasu. Mahisterium. Arkheolohichni studii, 27, s. 70-74.

Onohda, O. V. 2012. Keramika Serednoi Naddniprianshchyny druhoi polovyny XIII—XV st. Dysertacia k. i. n. IA NAN Ukrainy. Kyiv

Orlov, R. S. 1995. Vyshhorod. Kyivska starovyna, 2, s. 94-102.

Petrashenko, V. A. 2005. Drevnerusskoe selo: po materialam poselenii u s. Grigorovka. Kiev: IA NAN Ukrainy.

Rappoport, P. A. 1982. Russkaia arkhitektura X—XIII vv.: katalog pamiatnikov. Leningrad: Nauka. Svod arkheologicheskikh istochnikov, E 1-47.

Sagaidak, M. A., Sergeeva, M. S. 1992. Otchet ob issledovaniiakh Podolskoi ekspeditsii v zone fundamentov zdaniia Povarni XVII—XVIII vv. na territorii byvshego Bratskogo monastyria. NA ІA NANU, f. 64, 1992/30.

Tolochko, P. P. 1981. Goncharnoe delo. In: Tolochko, P. P. (ed.). Novoe v arkheologii Kieva. Kiev: Naukova dumka, s. 284-301.

Chabai, V. P., Evtushenko, A. I., Stepanchuk, V. N. 1991. Issledovanie Vyshgorodskogo posada. Arkheologіchnі doslіdzhennya v Ukraїnі v 1990 r., s. 27-28.

Chmil, L. V., Chekanovskyi, A. A. 2013. Tradytsiina tekhnolohiia vyrobnytstva keramichnoho posudu na Kyivskomu Polissi. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 10: Eksperymentalna arkheolohiia. Dosvid modeliuvannia ob’iektiv ta vyrobnytstv, s. 165-177.


Abstract views: 64
PDF Downloads: 73
Published
2020-03-01
How to Cite
Kapustin, K. M. (2020). THE EXCAVATION IN VYSHGOROD IN 1936. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 34(1), 132-151. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2020.01.09