«BUSURMENSKE» HILL-FORT ON THE IKVA RIVER


Keywords: «Busurmenske» hill-fort, localization, settlements, ceramics, topography, finds, Ikva river.

Abstract

The results of research and localization of the «Busurmenskoe» settlement, located on the left bank of the river Ikva between the village Voronkiv and Zatyshne of Boryspil district, Kiev region are presented in the paper. The main feature of the settlements is the presence of fortifications: this feature often helps to find them. But ditches and ramparts are have been often destroyed by plowing, residential, commercial or industrial activity. The history of research from the late 19th century is connected with such researchers as A. V. Storozhenko, P. G. Klepatsky, Y. Y. Morgunov, V. K. Kozyba. The remains of the fortifications were located on the left bank of the river Ikva (the Dnieper basin). The author carried out the survey of the area and has found that nowadays the visual fortifications are hardly traced — only the depression of the moat could be watched. The settlement had a rounded shape with diameter of 73 Ч 75 (0.5 ha). The width of the moat is 4—5 m. The spread of the surface finds such as the fragments of wheel-made pottery is watching around the acropolis within 310 Ч 280 m (ca. 8.68 ha). Obviously, the area of spread coincides with the approximate boundaries of the suburb (posad). Probably there was the fortified suburb around the acropolis characteristic of this type of fortification of the micro-region. The surface finds from the site is dated only to the Old Rus time. The largest number of finds is the fragments of the wheel-made pottery. Among them are 33 rims dated to the 12th — the first half of 13th century, fragments of bases, walls with incised decoration, and handles of vessels. The collection of finds is added by metallic items and the fragment of grinder. According to dating finds the site «Busurmenske» should be dated to 12th — the first half of the 13th century. The localized hill-fort complements the archaeological map of Old Rus sites of Pereyaslav region. The site needs further research and protecting measures.

References

Dovzhenok, V. Y., Honcharov, V. K., Yura, R. O. 1966. Drevnoruske misto Voin. Kyiv: Naukova dumka.
Koziuba, V. 2018. Do pytannia pro «svoikh pohanykh» u Kyivskomu Zadniprov’i u ХII st. Pereiаslavika: Naukovi zapysky Natsionalnoho istoryko-etnohrafichnoho zapovidnyka «Pereiaslav», 14 (16), s. 31-41.
Klepatskyi, P. H. 2007. Ocherky Kyevskoi zemly: Lytovskyi peryod. Bila Tserkva: O. Pshonivskyi, 1.
Kuchera, M. P. 1978. Davnoruski horodyshcha v zakhidnii chastyni Pereiaslavshchyny. Arkheolohiia, 25, s. 21-31.
Morgunov, Iu. Iu. 2003. Samsoniev Ostrov: Pogranichnaia krepost na posulskoi okraine Iuzhnoi Rusi v ХІ—ХІІІ vv. Moskva: Nauka.
Morgunov, Iu. Iu. 2012. Letopisnyi gorod Sneporod i ego okruga. Sankt-Peterburg: SPbGU.
Morgunov, Iu. Iu. 2019. Istoricheskaia geografiia Pereiaslavskoi zemli (Sviatoslav Igorevich — Iaropolk Vladimirovich). Vologda: Drevnosti Severa.
Movchan, I. I., Kozlovskyi, A. O., Ivlev, M. M. 2005. Rozkopky na «Kopyrevomu kintsi» davnoho Kyieva. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2003—2004 rr., s. 226-227.
Petrashenko, V. A. 2004. Drevnerusskoe selo (po materyalam poselenyi u s. Hryhorovka). Kyiv: Akademperiodyka.
Pryshchepa, B. A. 2004. Doslidzhennia posadu litopysnoi Peresopnytsi u 2002—2003 rr. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2002—2003 rr., s. 267-268.
Sytyi, Iu., Potapov, A. 2019. Arkheologicheskie issledovaniia na peresechenii ulits Shchorsa i Lenina v Chernigove v 1989 g. Karnabidivski chytannia, 4, s. 198-212.
Storozhenko, A. V. 1900. Ocherki pereiaslavskoi stariny: issledovaniia, dokumenty i zametki. Kiev: G. L. Frontskevich.
Tovkailo, M. T., Teteria, D. A. 2003. Materialy z okhoronnykh doslidzhen na terytorii posadu Pereiaslavlia Ruskoho v 2001 r. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2001—2002 rr., s. 46-48.
Chenakal, N., Batenko, N. 2016. Kyiv ta Kyievo-Pecherska lavra u planakh XVIII—XIX stolit u zibranni Natsionalnoho Kyievo-Pecherskoho istoryko-kulturnoho zapovidnyka. Kataloh: 90-richchiu Natsionalnoho Kyievo-Pecherskoho istoryko-kulturnoho zapovidnyka prysviachuietsia. Kyiv: NKPIKZ.
Jabłonowski, A. 1894. Polska XVI wieku pod względem geograficzno-statystycznym, Х. Ziemie ruskie. Ukraina (Kijуw — Bracław). Dział 2-gi. Warszawa: Księgarnia Gebethnera I Wolffa, ІІ. Źrуdła dziejowe, XXII.

Abstract views: 21
PDF Downloads: 5
Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
PryadkoO. O. (2020). «BUSURMENSKE» HILL-FORT ON THE IKVA RIVER. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 35(2), 136-141. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2020.02.09