THE TORQUES OF «TOTTENKRONE» TYPE FROM THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF HISTORY OF UKRAINE


Keywords: torque, ritual, decoration, Tottenkrone type, Baltic, Ros river regions.

Abstract

Three years ago Ukrainian researchers from the Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Science have discovered and began to excavate new Balths necropolis Ostriv 1 in Kyiv region. This medieval burial ground extremely actualized in the Ukrainian scientific and public space the case on the presence of the Baltic migrants and their influence to ethnic and political processes in this region in Old Rus period. Accordingly to this fact, it requires look more carefully to the sources base of the Baltic antiquities in the territory of Ros river basin. In the storage of the National Museum of History of Ukraine two whole items, the half of third and six constituent elements of the torques of «Tottenkrone» type are kept. All items are made of three twisted bronze wires but differ in the number of spiral turns, the design of the clasps and the bead-couplings. The finds originate from outskirts of Kaniv and Trostjanets (?), the manor of Ponjatovskiy in Tahancha (?), Knjazha hora and are also of unknown locations. The tradition of wearing of torques is inherent in women’s costume of Baltic region. Adornments having several turns twisted from two or three wires have been found in cremation and inhumation burials on the lands of ethnic groups of Prussians, Curonians, Semigallins, Scalvians, etc. and beyond these areas the finds are few. The components of torques of «Tottenkrone» type from the museum collection (the end of the clasps, bead-couplings) are similar to the findings from the tombs of Vampenian 2 (burial 57, XI century) and Ostriv 1 (first half of XI century), and consiquently they ought to be dated according to the material assemblages of these burial grounds. Obviously, these feminine ornaments were ritual and most likely worn twice in woman lifetime: on her wedding day and at funerals procession. The torques of «Tottenkrone» type came to other territories, outside the Baltic areas, only with the bearers of traditions of a particular ethnic region, or perhaps as a military prey.

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Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
OsypenkoМ. S., & Hrytsyk, Y. O. (2020). THE TORQUES OF «TOTTENKRONE» TYPE FROM THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF HISTORY OF UKRAINE. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 35(2), 340-348. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2020.02.26