HORN COMB FROM THE EXCAVATION ON NEMYRIV HILLFORT


Keywords: Scythians, Nemyriv hillfort, corneous comb, animal style.

Abstract

The processing of bone and horn is the pinnacle of handicraft of forest-steppe population of Scythian time. In early Scythian Age the most bone and horn products are represented by elements of horse bridle, household implements and toilet objects in the material culture of the population of Ukraine.

The comb made from horns of deer from the excavations of B. I. Lobai at the Nemyriv hillfort in 1980 is published in the paper. Іts form and ornamentation are analyzed, parallels with similar archetypes of early-Scythian Age throughout the territory of Ukraine are presented. There are two main categories of combs divided according to their function: economic tools and toiletries. Considering the fragile proportions and exquisite ornamentation, this example should be attributed to disparate specimens to the toiletries.

The horn combs of the Scythian time are divided according to their functionality. The most common combs were simple and used for household purposes, for combing wool. They were based on several teeth (5—8 pieces) sometimes with a vertical handle but more often they were a single plate without a handle. Such simple forms of comb are spread throughout the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine, in such settlements of the Scythian time as Severinovka, Trakhtemyriv, Bielsk and other.

Dr. G. Smirnova considered analogs of a comb for hairstyles from the Nemyriv settlement. These combs had a vertical handle with a small shield at the end. The number of teeth, unlike commercial combs, is larger (8—10 teeth, sometimes up to 25). The ridges of Perebikovtsi and Novozvedenye II mounds were similar to Nemyrivsky but without ornament. Combs for hairstyles were spread not only among the indigenous population but also among the inhabitants of the Greek Black Sea Policies. But unlike the Scythian combs made of horns, or sometimes of precious metal, the Greeks used wooden combs for their daily consumption.

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Published
2019-12-25
How to Cite
Ocheretnyi, S. I. (2019). HORN COMB FROM THE EXCAVATION ON NEMYRIV HILLFORT. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 33(4), 357-361. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.04.27