GRAVES WITH SARMATIAN FEATURES AT THE GRAVE FIELDS OF THE LATE ROMAN PERIOD VOYTENKI AND ZACHEPILOVKA: COMPARATIVE CHARACTERIZATION


  • M. V. Lyubichev Kharkiv National V. N. Karazin-University
  • E. Schultze German Archaeological Institute
Keywords: Late Roman Period, Chernyakhiv culture, grave fields, sarmatian features.

Abstract

One of the most important problems in the study of the Chernyakhiv culture is the study of cultural traditions, among them the Sarmatian one. A comparative study of the manifestation of the signs of the Sarmatian element on the «side» and «dune» cemeteries in the region is important, for which Voytenki and Zachepilovka are now undoubtedly «basic» monuments. When identifying burials of the Late Scythian / Sarmatian cultural tradition, the presence and combination of «indisputable» and «probable» signs is taken into account. Sarmatian cultural tradition at cemeteries of the Chernyakhiv culture Voytenki and Zachepilovka in the Dnieper-Donets forest-steppe are manifested predominantly in the same way, but has also distinctive features. Both cemeteries have graves in niche pit. In the graves of Zachepilovka more hand-made vessels have been detected und there they have been found even in cremation graves. At both cemeteries a combination of «indisputable» Late Scythian / Sarmatian signs is rather rare, the «indisputable» signs are supplemented by «probable» ones. Late Scythian / Sarmatian features are more significant at the Zachepilovka cemetery. Some models of the compatibility of Sarmatian features in the burials are presented, which were also observed at the cemeteries of the Chernyakhiv culture in the Dnieper-Donets forest-steppe. In the context of the study of the Late Scythian / Sarmatian tradition in the Chernyakhiv culture, the issue of the evolution of the content of the rite of the construction in niche pit from the «ethnic» to the social is also relevant.

References

Varacheva, K. G. 2014. K voprosu o rasprostranenii glinianykh kubkov usecheno-konicheskoi formy v cherniakhovskoi kulture (pogrebenie 125 mogilnika Voitenki). Stratum plus, 4, s. 285-298.
Gei, O. A. 1993.Cherniakhovskaia kultura. Khronologiia. In: Rybakov, B. A. (ed.). Slaviane i ikh sosedi v kontse I tys. do n. e. — pervoi polovine I tys.n. e. Moskva: Nauka, s. 146-155.
Gei, O. A. 2001—2002. Problema vydeleniia skifo-sarmatskikh elementov v cherniakhovskoi kulture. Stratum plus, 4, s. 296-314.
Honcharov, V. K., Makhno, Ye. V. 1957. Mohylnyk cherniakhivskoho typu bilia Pereiaslava-Khmelnytskoho. Arkheolohiia, 11, s. 127-144.
Hudkova, O. V. 2001.Pro uchast sarmativ u vynyknenni cherniakhivskoi kultu-ry. Arkheolohiia, 2, s. 36-41.
Gudkova, A. V., Fokeev, M. M. 1984. Zemledeltsy i kochevniki v nizoviakh Dunaia I—IV vv. n. e. Kiev: Naukova dumka.
Kazanskii, M. M., Mastykova, A. V. 1998. Germanskie elementy v kulture naseleniia Severnogo Kavkaza v epokhu Velikogo pereseleniia narodov. Istoriko-arkheologicheskii almanakh, 4, s. 102-135.
Kukharenko, Iu. V. 1954. K voprosu o slaviano-skifskikh i slaviano-sarmatskikh otnosheniiakh. Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 19, s. 111-120.
Liubichev, M. V. 2009. Pogrebenie s rimskim importom na mogilnike cher-niakhovskoi kultury Voitenki (Vostochnaia Ukraina). In: Myzgin, K. (ed.). Ostrogothica. Arkheologiia Tsentralnoi i Vostochnoi Evropy pozdnerimskogo vremeni i Epokhi Velikogo pereseleniia narodov. Kharkov: Timchenko A. N., s. 72-90.
Liubichev, M. V. 2011. Pogrebeniia s pozdneskifskimi / sarmatskimi priznakami na mogilnikakh cherniakhovskoi kultury v dnepro-donetskoi lesostepi. Oium, 1, s. 33-52.
Liubichev, M. V. 2013. Pozdneskifskii / sarmatskii komponent v cherniakhovskoi kulture v lesostepi mezhdu Dneprom i Severskim Dontsom: osobennosti proiavleniia. In: Smyntyna, E. V. (ed.). Varvarskii mir severopontii-skikh zemel v sarmatskuiu epokhu. Odessa: Oleg Filiuk, s. 64-95.
Liubichev, M. V., 2019a. Ranniaia istoriia dnepro-donetskoi lesostepi I—V vekov. 1, 2. Ostrogothica-Serie, 2. Kharkov: Estet print.
Liubichev, M. V. 2019b. Dva pogrebeniia s «neordinarnymi» khronoindikatorami iz mogilnika cherniakhovskoi kultury Voitenki 1. In: Gavritukhin, I. O., Vorontsov, A. M. (eds.). Lesnaia i lesostepnaia zony Vostochnoi Evropy v epokhi rimskikh vliianii i Velikogo pereseleniia narodov, konferentsiia 4, ch. 2.Tula: Kulikovo pole, s. 191-209.
Liubichev, M. V., Myzgin, K. V. 2014. Iuzhnaia granitsa areala cherniakhovskoi kulury v dnepro-donetskoi lesostepi: sovremennye predstavleniia. Oium, 4: Cherniakhіvska kultura. Do 120-rіchchia vіd dnia narodzhennia V. P. Petrova, s. 58-71.
Liapushkin, I. I. 1950. Pamiatniki kultury «polei pogrebenii» pervoi poloviny I tys. n. e. Dneprovskogo lesostepnogo Levoberezhia. Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 13, s. 7-32.
Magomedov, B. V. 1987. Cherniakhovskaia kultura Severo-Zapadnogo Prichernomoria. Kiev: Naukova dumka.
Magomedov, B. V. 1996. Obriad ingumatsii v cherniakhovskoi kulture. In: Tezy dopovidei ukrainskoi delehatsii na VI Mizhnarodnomu konhresi slov’ianskoi arkheolohii. Kyiv, s. 33-36.
Mahomedov, B. V. 1999. Sarmaty u skladi cherniakhivskoi kultury. In: Terpylovskyi, R. V. (ed.). Etnokulturni protsesy v Pivdenno-Skhidnii Yevropi v I tys. n. e. Kyiv; Lviv, s. 132-142.
Magomedov, B. 2000. Sarmatskie elementy v cherniakhovskom pogrebalnom obriade. In: Mączyńska, M., Grabarczyk, T. (eds.). Die spдtrцmische Kaiserzeit und die frьhe Vцlkerwanderungszeit in Mittel- und Osteuropa. Łуdź, s. 392-402.
Magomedov, B. 2001. Cherniakhovskaia kultura. Problema etnosa. Lublin: UMCS.
Medvedev, A. P. 1990. Sarmaty i lesostep (po materialam Podonia). Voronezh: VGU.
Medvedev, A. P. 2008. Sarmaty v verkhoviakh Tanaisa. Moskva: Taus.
Nekrasova, A. N. 2006. Pamiatniki cherniakhovskoi kultury Dneprovskogo Levoberezhia. In: Terpilovskii, R. V. (ed.). Goty i Rim. Kiev: Stilos, s. 87-200.
Oblomskyi, A. M. 1999. Typy pokhovan na cherniakhivskomu mohylnyku Kompaniitsi (etnokulturna interpretatsiia). Arkheolohiia, 4, s. 76-88.
Oblomskii, A. M. 2002. Dneprovskoe lesostepnoe Levoberezhe v pozdnerimskoe i gunnskoe vremia. Moskva: Nauka.
Petrauskas, O. V. 1996. Mohylnyky cherniakhivskoi kultury Serednoho Podniprov’ia. In: Tezy dopovidei ukrainskoi delehatsii na VI Mizhnarodnomu konhresi slov’ianskoi arkheolohii. Kyiv, s. 48-50.
Petrenko, E. N. 1982. Otchet ob issledovaniiakh Cherniakhovskoi ekspeditsii v 1982 g. NA IA NAN Ukrainy, f. 64, 1982/113.
Petrenko, E. N. 1991. Novye mogilniki cherniakhovskoi kultury v basseine Severskogo Dontsa. In: Diachenko, A. G. (ed.). Arkheologiia slavianskogo iugo-vostoka. Voronezh: VPI, s. 10-26.
Rikman, E. A. 1975. Etnicheskaia istoriia naseleniia Podnestrovia i prilegaiushchego Podunavia v pervykh vekakh nashei ery. Moskva: Nauka.
Sedov, V. V. 1978. Skifo-sarmatskie elementy v pogrebalnom obriade cherniakhovskoi kultury. In: Kozenkova, V. I., Krasnov, Iu. A., Rozenfeldt, I. G. (eds.). Voprosy drevnei i srednevekovoi arkheologii Vostochnoi Evropy. Moskva: Nauka, s. 99-107.
Sinitsyn, I. V. 1959. Arkheologicheskie issledovaniia Zavolzhskogo otriada (1951—1953 gg.). Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, 60, s. 39-205.
Simonenko, A. V. 2004. Nekotorye pozdnesarmatskie elementy v cherniakhovskikh ingumatsiiakh. Bosporskie issledovaniia, VII, s. 208-213.
Smirnov, K. F. 1959. Kurgany u sel Ilovatka i Politotdelskoe Stalin-gradskoi oblasti. Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, 60, s. 206-322.
Spitsyn, A. A. 1948. Polia pogrebalnykh urn. Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 10, s. 53-74.
Symonovich, E. A. 1971. Kultura pozdnikh skifov i cherniakhovskie pamiatniki v Nizhnem Podneprove. Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, 177, s. 63-75.
Tikhanova, M. A. 1957. O lokalnykh variantakh cherniakhovskoi kultury. Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 4, s. 168-177.
Shilov, V. P. 1959. Kalinovskii kurgannyi mogilnik. Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, 60, s. 323-523.
Schultze, E., Liubichev, M. V. 2018. Gruppa pogrebenii-ingumatsii v severo-zapadnoi chasti mogilnika cherniakhovskoi kultury Voitenki: voprosy khronologii. Ostrogothica-Serie (Heft), 3: Khronologiia i monetnye nakhodki pozdnerimskogo vremeni i epokhi Velikogo pereseleniia narodov. Aktualnye arkheologicheskie issledovaniia v Tsentralnoi i Vostochnoi Evrope, s. 121-145.
Schultze, E., Liubichev, M. V. 2015. Kultovyi sloi mogilnika cherniakhovskoi kultury Voitenki (Vostochnaia Ukraina): spektr nakhodok i vozmozhno-sti interpretatsii. In: Gavritukhin, I. O., Vorontsov, A. M. (eds.). Lesnaia i lesostepnaia zony Vostochnoi Evropy v epokhi rimskikh vliianii i Velikogo pereseleniia narodov, konferentsiia 4. Tula, 1, s. 231-255
Diaconu, Gh. 1966. Spдtsarmatische Elemente in der Sоntana de Mureş—Tschernjachow- Kultur. Dacia, X, S. 357-364.
Kokowski, A. 2004. Przyczynek do historii kontaktуw germanуw i sarmatуw w świetle badań archeologicznych. In: Kokowski? A. (ed.). Studia Sarmatica. 1: Sarmaci i Germanie. Lublin: UMCS, p. 11-69.
Lyubichev, M. 2013. The secondary used artifact in grave 41 of the chernyakhov cemetery of Voytenki. In: Khrapunov, I., Stylegar, F.-A. (ed.). Inter ambo maria. Northern Barbarians from Scandinavia towards the Black sea. Kristiansand; Simferopol: Dolya, p. 236-248.
Ljubičev, M. V, Schultze, E., 2018. Zu einer Grupper ungewцhnlicher Grдberfelder der Černjachov-Kultur. In: Niezabitowska-Wiśniewska, B., Łuczkiewicz, P., Sadowski, S., Stasiak-Cyran, M., Erdrich, M. Studia Barbarica Profesorowi Andrzejowi Kokowskiemu w 65 rocznice urodzin, 1. Lublin: UMCS, s. 512-534.
Magomedov, B. 2004. Kцrpergrдber in der Černjachov-Sоntana de Mureş- Kultur. Eurasia antiqua, 10, S. 281-331.
Schultze, E., Lyubichev, M. V. 2017. A Cremation Grave of the Chernyakhov Culture with Spurs and Knop Bow Fibula (Bьgelknopffibel): Regional Context and Interregional Comparison. Swiatowit, Suppl. C: Pontica et Caucasica, 1: The Crimea and the Northern Black Sea Coast in Archaeological Research 1956—2013. Warsaw, p. 277-294.
Simonenko, A. 2008. Rцmische Importe in sarmatischen Denkmдlern des nцrdlichen Schwarzmeergebietes. Archдologie in Eurasien, 25: Rцmische Importe in sarmatischen und maiotischen Grдbern zwischen Unterer Donau und Kuban, S. 2-264.
Tejral, J. 1992. Einige Bemerkungen zur Chronologie der Spдten Rцmischen Kaiserzeit in Mitteleuropa. In: Godłowski, K., Madyda-Legutko, R. (eds.). Probleme der relativen und absoluten Chronologie ab Latиnezeit bis zum Frьhmittelalter. Krakуw: Secesja, s. 227-248.

Abstract views: 6
PDF Downloads: 11
Published
2020-05-01
How to Cite
Lyubichev, M. V., & Schultze, E. (2020). GRAVES WITH SARMATIAN FEATURES AT THE GRAVE FIELDS OF THE LATE ROMAN PERIOD VOYTENKI AND ZACHEPILOVKA: COMPARATIVE CHARACTERIZATION . Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 36(3), 178-190. Retrieved from https://adiu.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/279