TRANSPORT AMPHORAE FROM THE SARMATIAN BURIAL GROUNDS OF BUDJAK (the Last Third of 2nd—3rd Cent. AD)


  • O. M. Dzygovskyi I. I. Mechnikov National University
  • D. O. Masyuta Odessa Archaeological Museum of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: Roman time, Budjak steppe, Sarmatian burial mounds, amphorae, wine vessels.

Abstract

The transport amphorae discovered in the Budjak’s Sarmatian burial assemblages of the last third of 2nd—3rd century AD are analyzed in the paper.  These containers collection consists of the amphorae of variation C IVC and C IVD by S. Yu. Vnukov, variation I B by A. Opaiţ and the vessels of undefined kind. In its turn, amphorae C IVD could be divided on subvariation C IVD1 and C IVD2. Among the researched materials the containers for olive oil, fish products transportation are absent and identified variation of amphorae are presented exceptionally the wine vessels. The big majority of Budjak’s Sarmatian’s sites amphorae of marked time belong to the production of Heraclea Pontica. Such popularity of Heraclean wine among the nomads we can explain not only by its relative cheapness or by taste partialities of its buyers. The small sizes of vessels of variation C IVC and C IVD by S. Yu. Vnukov helped forward to their transportation by land on the big distances. The recent notice can regard also the amphorae of variation I B by A. Opaiţ, produced in Lower Danube area. The main wine suppliers to the Sarmatian population of Budjak, were, apparently, the merchants from Tyras, the part of goods came from the «little border trade» with Lower Moesia and Dacia. The peak of amphorae containers entrance to Budjak accounts for the last third of 2nd — the middle of second quarter of 3rd c. AD., which was helped forward by the stable war-political appointments in the region. In the second half of 3rd c. AD. the entrance volume of these containers on the researched territory greatly decline, that, in its turn, was connected with the «Scythian» («Gothic») wars of 238—270 years AD.

References

Abramov, A. P. 1993. Antichnyye amfory. Periodizatsiya i khronologiya. Bosporskiy sbornik, 3, s. 4-135.
Alekseyeva, E. M. 1997. Antichnyy gorod Gorgippiya. Moskva: Editorial URSS.
Bruyako, I. V., Dzigovskiy, A. N., Sekerskaya, N. M. 2008. Nikoniy rimskoy epokhi. Materialy po arkheologii Severnogo Prichernomoria, 10. Monograficheskaya seriya, 1. Odessa: SMIL.
Vasilyev, A. A., Dzigovskiy, A. N. 2003. Eshche raz k khronologii pozdneyshikh sarmatskikh drevnostey Budzhaka. Stratum plus, 4, s. 315-334.
Vnukov, S. Yu. 2003. Prichernomorskiye amfory I v. do n. e. — II v. n. e. (morfologiya). Moskva: IA RAN.
Vnukov S. Yu. 2006. Prichernomorskiye amfory I v. do n. e. — II v. n. e. II: Petrografiya, khronologiya, problemy torgovli. Sankt-Peterburg: Aleteyya.
Vnukov, S. Yu. 2013. Amfory rimskogo vremeni gorodishcha Kara-Tobe. Drevnosti Bospora, 17, s. 21-54.
Vnukov, S. Yu. 2016. Eshche raz o tipologii. evolyutsii i khronologii svetloglinyanykh (pozdnegerakleyskikh) uzkogorlykh amfor. Rossiyskaya arkheologiya, 2, s. 36-47.
Golofast, L. A. 2010. Amfornaya tara iz raskopok zolnika rimskogo vremeni u podnozhiya gory Mitridat v Kerchi. Materialy po arkheologii, istorii i etnografii Tavrii, XVI, s. 82-139.
Grosu, V. I. 1990. Khronologiya pamyatnikov sarmatskoy kultury Dnestrovsko-Prutskogo mezhdurechia. Kishinev: Shtiintsa.
Gudkova, A. V., Dobrolyubskiy, A. O. Toshchev, G. N., Fokeyev, M. M. 1979. Otchet o rabote Izmailskoy novostroyechnoy ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii AN USSR v 1979 g. Naukovyi arkhiv Odeskoho arkheolohichnoho muzeiu NAN Ukrainy, d. 88254/1.
Gudkova, A. V., Fokeyev, M. M. 1984. Zemledeltsy i kochevniki v nizoviakh Dunaya I—IV vv. n. e. Kiev: Naukova dumka.
Gudkova, A. V., Redina, E. F. 1999. Sarmatskiy mogilnik Gradeshka v nizoviakh Dunaya. Starozhytnosti Pivnichnoho Prychornomoria i Krymu, VII, s. 177-193.
Didenko, S. V. 2014. Khronologiya svetloglinyanykh uzkogorlykh amfor tipov Shelov D i F (po materialam pogrebalnykh kompleksov). Oium, 4: Cherniakhivska kultura. Do 120-richchia vid dnia narodzhennia V. P. Petrova, s. 34-48.
Dzigovskiy, A. N. 2013. Sarmaty. In: Bruyako, I. V., Samoylova, T. L. (eds.). Drevniye kultury Severo-Zapadnogo Prichernomoria. Odessa: SMIL, s. 597-630.
Dzigovskiy, A. N., Masyuta, D. A. 2020. Ob odnom tipe svetloglinyanykh uzkogorlykh amfor iz sarmatskogo kurgana u s. Mikhaylovka (u drutsi).
Dzigovskiy, A. N., Subbotin, L. V. 1986. O verkhney date sarmatskikh pamyatnikov ponizovia Dunaya Sarmaty. In: Stanko, V. N. (ed.). Issledovaniya po arkheologii Severo-Zapadnogo Prichernomoria. Kiev: Naukova dumka, s. 150-157.
Zeyest, I. B. 1960. Keramicheskaya tara Bospora. Materialy i issledovaniya po arkheologii SSSR, 83. Moskva: Nauka.
Ivanova, O. S. 2013. Amfory pozdnerimskogo vremeni iz raskopok Mangupa. In: Khrapunov, I. N. (ed.). Krym v sarmatskuyu epokhu (II v. do n. e. — IV v. n. e.). Simferopol; Bakhchisaray: Dolya, s. 93-154.
Iliashenko, S. M. 2013. Standartnyye dipinti na uzkogorlykh svetloglinyanykh amforakh Tanaisa i ego okrugi III—IV vv. n. e. Bosporskiye issledovaniya, ХХІХ. Kerch.
Klenina, E. Yu. 2004. Keramicheskiye sosudy ІІ—ІІІ vv. n. e. iz usadby «Bliznetsy» (Khora Khersonesa Tavricheskogo). Poznan: Instytut Historii Uniwersytetu im. A. Mickiewicza.
Krapivina, V. V. 1993. Olviya. Materialnaya kultura I—IV vv. n. e. Kiev: Naukova dumka.
Kropotkin, V. V. 1970. Rimskiye importnyye izdeliya v Vostochnoy Evrope (ІІ v. do n. e. — V v. n. e.). Svod arkheologicheskikh istochnikov, D 1-27. Moskva: Nauka.
Malyukevich, A. E. 1991. O torgovykh kontaktakh poseleniy Nizhnego Podnestrovia v pervyye veka n. e. In: Vanchugov, V. P. (ed.). Severo-Zapadnoye Prichernomorye — kontaktnaya zona drevnikh kultur. Kiev: Naukova dumka, s. 71-82.
Rikman, E. A. Khynku, B. G. 1970. Pogrebeniye II v. n. e. u s. Pervomaysk (Moldaviya). Materialy i issledovaniya po arkheologii SSSR, 176, s. 35-37.
Simonenko, A. V. 2011. Rimskiy import u sarmatov Severnogo Prichernomoria. Sankt-Peterburg: Nestor-Istoriya.
Subbotin, L. V., Toshchev, G. N., Fokeyev, M. M. 1985. Otchet o rabote Dunay-Dnestrovskoy novostroyechnoy ekspeditsii v 1985 g. Naukovyi arkhiv Odeskoho arkheolohichnoho muzeiu NAN Ukrainy, d. 93021.
Subbotin, L. V., Dzigovskiy, A. N., Fokeyev, M. M., Sapozhnikov, I. V. 1987. Otchet o rabote Dunay-Dnestrovskoy novostroyechnoy ekspeditsii v 1987 g. Naukovyi arkhiv Odeskoho arkheolohichnoho muzeiu NAN Ukrainy, d. 93022.
Trufanov, A. A. 2009. Khronologiya mogilnikov Predgornogo Kryma І v. do n. e. — ІІІ v. n. e. Stratum plus, 4, s. 117-328.
Shelov, D. B. 1978. Uzkogorlyye svetloglinyanyye amfory pervykh vekov nashey ery. Klassifikatsiya i khronologiya. Kratkiye soobshcheniya IA AN SSSR, 156, s. 16-21.
Shtayerman, E. M. 1951. Keramicheskiye kleyma iz Tiry: v svyazi s voprosom o kleymakh neizvestnykh tsentrov. Kratkiye soobshcheniya IA AN SSSR, XXXVI, s. 31-49.
Shchukin, M. B. 1968. Voprosy khronologii chernyakhovskoy kultury i nakhodki amfor. Sovetskaya arkheologiya, 2, s. 41-51.
Yurochkin, V. Yu., Trufanov, A. A. 2007. Khronologiya mogilnikov Tsentralnogo i Yugo-Zapadnogo Kryma 3—4 vv. n. e. In: Zaytsev, Yu. P., Mordvintseva, V. I. (ed.). Drevnyaya Tavrika. Simferopol: Universum, s. 359-382.
Abadie-Reynal, C. 1999. Les Amphores romaines en mer Noire (Ier—IVe s.). In: Garlan, Y. (ed.). Production et Commerce des amphores anciennes en Mer Noire. Aix-en-Provence: De l’Universitй de Provence, p. 255-264.
Arsen’eva, T., Kassab Tezgцr, D., Naumenko, S. 1997. Un dйpotoir d’atelier d’amphores а pвte claire. Commerce entre Hйraclйe du Pont et Tanaпs а l’йpoque romaine. Anatolia Antiqua, V, p. 187-198.
Вezeczky, T. 2013. The Amphorae of Roman Ephesus. Forschungen in Ephesos, XV, 1. Wien: ЦAW.
Bjelajac, L. 1996. Amfore gornjo mezijskog Podunavlja. Belgrade: Arheoloљki Institut.
Dyczek, P. 2001. Roman Amphorae of the 1st—3rd Centuries AD Found on the Lower Danube. Typology. Warszaw: Uni¬wer¬sytet Warszawski.
Hayes, J. W. 1983. The villa Dionysos excavations, Knossos: The pottery. The British School at Athens, 78, p. 97-169.
Khalvashi, M. 2010. Roman Amphorae from Gonio-Apsarus. Varia Anatolica, ХХІ: Production and Trade of Amphorae in the Black Sea. Patabs I. Actes de la Table Ronde internationale de Batoumi et Trabzon, 27—29 Avril 2006, p. 33-34.
Opaiţ, A. 1980. Consideratii preliminare asupra amforelor romane si romano-bizantine din Dobrogea. Peuce, 8, p. 291-327.
Opaiţ, A. 2003. «Table» amphora versus «Table» pitcher in the Roman Dobrudja. Rei Cretariae Romanae Favtorum Acta, 38, р. 215-218.
Opaiţ, A. 2010. Pontic Wine in the Athenian Market. In: Κεραμική της Ύστερης Αρχαιότητας από τον ελλαδικό χώρο (3ος—7ος αι. μ. Χ.): επιστημονική συνάντηση, Θεσσαλονίκη, 12—16 Νοεμβρίου 2006. Θεσσαλονίκης, p. 108-130.
Opaiţ, A. 2017. On the local production and imports of wine in the Pontic and Lower Danube regions (1st century BC to 7th century AD). An overview. Йtudes alexandrines, 43: Late Roman Coarse Wares, 5: Late Roman coarse wares, cooking wares and amphorae in the Mediterranean: archaeology and archaeometry, p. 579-612.
Opaiţ, A., Paraschiv, D. 2013. On the Wine, Olive Oil and Fish Supply of the Countryside in Roman Dobroudja (1st—3rd Centuries AD). Production and Trade of Amphorae in the Black Sea, III: Actes de la Table Ronde internationale de Costanţa, 6—10 octobre 2009, р. 317-333.
Panella, C. 1986. Oriente ed Occidente: considerazioni su alcune anfore «Egee» di etа imperiale a Ostia. Bulletin de Correspondance Hellenigue, XIII, p. 609-635.
Paraschiv, D. 2013. Les amphores romaines d’Hйraclйe du Pont en Dobroudja. In: The Bosporus: gateway between the Ancient West and East (1st Millennium BC — 5th Century AD): proceedings of the Fourth International Congress on Black Sea antiquities Istanbul, 14th—18th September 2009. Oxford: Archaeopress, p. 213-217.
Peacock, D., Williams, D. 1991. Amphorae and the Roman economy: An Introductory Guide. London; New York: Longman.
Popa, A. 2016. Roman Amphorae beyond the frontiers of the Roman provinces of Dacia and Moesia Inferior. Patrimonium Archaeologicum Transylvanicum, 14: Orbis Romanus and Barbaricum. The Barbarians around the Province of Dacia and Their Relations with the Roman Empire, p. 203-242.
Rădulescu, A. 1976. Amfore romane şi romano-bizantine din Scythia Minor. Pontica, IX, p. 99-114.
Scorpan, C. 1977. Contribution а la connaissance de certains types cйramiques romana-byzantins (IV—VII siиcles) dans l’espace Istro-Pontique. Dacia, XXI, p. 269-297.

Abstract views: 40
PDF Downloads: 24
Published
2020-06-01
How to Cite
Dzygovskyi, O. M., & Masyuta, D. O. (2020). TRANSPORT AMPHORAE FROM THE SARMATIAN BURIAL GROUNDS OF BUDJAK (the Last Third of 2nd—3rd Cent. AD) . Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 36(3), 288-289. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2020.03.18