NEW DATA ABOUT SCYTHIAN GOLD GARMENT APPLIQUЙS FROM BARROWS NEAR OLHYNE VILLAGE OF KHERSON OBLAST


Keywords: Eastern European Steppe, Scythian antiquities,

Abstract

Recently revealed data considering gold appliquйs series, forced to correct notion, which has already fastened in literature. These artefacts were found during an excavation of a group of barrows near Olhyne village, Hornostaivskyi district, Kherson Oblast. The research was conducted in 1990 by the Kherson Archaeological Expedition led by Anatolii Kubyshev. This publication aimed to eliminate unfortunate confusion and to clarify the date of some graves in the described burial ground.

Thus, two garment appliquйs, preserved in Archaeological Storage of Institute of Archaeology of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, that have no provenance information were identified. These two pieces were not published before. Due to a comparison of the Archaeological report and analysis of Storage documentation data, I have managed to find their place of finding.

As shown in the article, the openwork appliquй in a form of two-bodied Sphinx was part of headdress decorum from the central grave of Bratoliubivka barrow (the main and biggest mound in the group). One rectangular-shaped plaque with a depiction of lying in crouched pose griffin was found in the grave 5 of the same barrow. In this inlet tomb the wealthy Scythian warrior was buried. The construction time of the barrow and inlaid grave 5 lay in second — early third quarter of the 4th century BCE.

Twelve rectangular appliquйs with an image of a half-recumbent griffin with crescent-shaped wings were found in the grave 4 barrow 1 of Olhyne group. Previously only one plaque of this series was wrongly published as find from the grave 5 of Bratoliubivka barrow. This unfortunate mistake is now corrected. At the same tomb, 52 rectangular appliquйs with the depiction of a lion attacking a doe were found. Therefore, at well-preserved woman grave 4 of barrow 1 near Olhyne village fully decorated hat and veil were placed. This tomb was probably constructed in the second — early third quarter of the 4th century BCE. Considering the modesty of this grave goods, one can only imagine how bright the appliques of a ceremonial garment from the central grave of Bratoliubivka barrow were.

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Published
2020-06-02
How to Cite
Lifantii, O. V. (2020). NEW DATA ABOUT SCYTHIAN GOLD GARMENT APPLIQUЙS FROM BARROWS NEAR OLHYNE VILLAGE OF KHERSON OBLAST . Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 36(3), 395-401. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2020.03.27