THE SETTLEMENT MOLYUKHIV BUHOR IN THE WORKS OF D. YA. TELEGIN AND ACCORDING TO MODERN DATA


  • T. M. Neradenko municipal institution «Cherkasy regional center for gifted children of Cherkasy regional council»
Keywords: Molyukhіv Buhor, Neolithic, Dnieper-Donetsk culture, Seredni Stoh culture, Dereivka culture, Molyukhibuhorska group of sites.

Abstract

The materials of Molyukhiv Buhor, obtained during excavations in 1955—1956 by V. M. Danylenko, were constantly used by D. Y. Telegin in his scientific works particularly in the monograph «Dnipro-Donetsk Culture. To the History of the Population of the Neolithic Epoch — Early Metal of the South of Eastern Europe» 1968; in the monograph «Seredni Stoh Culture of the Copper Age» in 1973; in the article «Cultural identity and dating of supine Eneolithic burials of the Steppe Dnieper» 1987; in the book «Neolithic Burial Grounds of the Mariupol Type» 1991; in the publication «Settlements of the Dnieper-Donetsk Ethnocultural Community of the Neolithic Era» 1998 (co-authored by O. M. Titova); in the book «Seredni Stoh and Novodanilivka cultures of the Eneolithic of the Azov-Pontic region: an archaeological-anthropological analysis of materials and catalog of sites» 2001 (co-authors A. L. Nechitaylo, I. D. Potekhina, Y. V. Panchenko). The conclusions of the scholar according to the first two monographs became the basis for the recognition of Molyukhiv Buhor as one of the outstanding sites of Ukraine in the Neo-Eneolithic Age.

Since 1992 the archeological study of Molyukhiv Buhor has been carried out by the author who has discovered on the settlement the system of «moats» and «pillars», the remains of Neolithic dwellings, residential-economic complex of the late Neolithic age, the ancient burial ground with 6 different graveyards, 44 economic pits of different historical periods, etc.

A diverse collection of archaeological materials, the total number of which is more than 103700 finds, is the ceramic complex, flint tools, stone tools, horn and bone products, copper products, and allows to describe fully and comprehensively the material culture of the inhabitants in the Neolithic and Eneolithic periods.

Thus, new research allows us to clarify, supplement and expand our understanding of the material culture of the tribes of Dnieper-Donetsk and Seredni Stoh cultures, compare them with the research of D. Ya. Telegin 1960—1970 and note that many conclusions of the scholar of 50 years ago find their confirmation in new studies of Molyukhіv Buhor.

Archaeological studies of the settlement are being continued. In recent years, they have focused on the excavation of a large residential and commercial complex in the north of the settlement.

References

Videiko, M. Iu. 2004. Absoliutnie datuvannia trypilskoi kultury. In: Videiko, M. Iu. (ed.). Entsyklopediia trypilskoi tsyvilizatsii. 1. Kyiv, s. 85-96.

Danilenko, V. N. 1959. Arkheologicheskie issledovaniia 1956 g. v Chigirinskom raione. Kratkie soobshcheniia Instituta arkheologii, 8, s. 13-21.

Danilenko, V. N. 1969. Neolit Ukrainy. Glavy drevnei istorii iugo-vostochnoi Evropy. Kiev: Naukova dumka.

Zhuravlov, O. P., Markova, E. V. 2000. Osteologicheskie materialy iz poseleniia Moliukhov Bugor. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 1994—1996 rr., s. 40-43.

Zhuravlov, O. P. 2008. Tvarynnytstvo ta myslyvstvo u trypilskykh plemen na terytorii Ukrainy. Kyiv: Shliakh.

Zbenovich, V. G. 1989. Rannii etap tripolskoi kultury na territorii Ukrainy. Kiev: Naukova dumka.

Kotova, N. S. 1996. Moliukhovobuhorska hrupa. In: Havryliuk, N. A. (ed.). Slovnyk-dovidnyk z arkheolohii. Kyiv: Naukova dumka s. 170-171.

Kotova, N. S. 2002. Neolitizatsiia Ukrainy. Lugansk: Shliakh.

Kotova, N. S. 2013. Dereivskaia kultura i pamiatniki nizhnemikhailovskogo tipa. Kiev; Kharkov: Maidan.

otova, N. S. 2015. Drevneishaia keramika Ukrainy. Kiev; Kharkov: Maidan.

Movsha, T. H. 2003. Holovni tranzytni shliakhy vzaiemyn trypilsko-kukutenskykh obshchyn zi stepovymy kulturamy Dnipro-Buzkoho baseinu. In: Trypilski poselennia-hihanty. Materialy mizhnarodnoi konferentsii. Kyiv: Korvyn-press, s. 85-88.

Neradenko, T. M. 2000. Rozkopky na Moliukhovomu Buhri v 1994 r. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia na Ukraini 1994—1996 rr., s. 116-118.

Neradenko, T. 2017. Moliukhiv Buhor. Cherkasy: Chabanenko Iu. A.

Neradenko, T. M., Zhuravlov, O. P. 2015. Arkheolohichni ta arkheozoolohichni doslidzhennia Moliukhova Buhra u 2013—2014 rokakh. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2014 r., s. 255-257.

Pashkevych, H. O. 1992. Do rekonstruktsii asortymentu kulturnykh roslyn epokhy neolitu—bronzy na terytorii Ukrainy. In: Pankov, S. V., Voznesenska, G. O. (edі.). Starodavnie vyrobnytstvo na terytorii Ukrainy. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, s. 179-194.

Ryndina, N. V., 1971. Drevneishee metalloobrabatyvaiushchee proizvodstvo Vostochnoi Evropy. Moskva: MGU.

Telehin, D. Ia. 1968. Dnipro-donetska kultura. Kyiv: Naukova dumka.

Telehin, D. Ia. 1973. Serednostohivska kultura epokhy midi. Kyiv: Naukova dumka.

Telehin, D. Ia. 1987. Kulturna prynalezhnist i datuvannia vyprostanykh eneolitychnykh pokhovan Stepovoho Podniprovia. Arkheolohiia, 60, s. 17-30.

Telehin, D. Ia. 1991. Neolitychni mohylnyky mariupolskoho typu. Kyiv: Naukova dumka.

Telegin, D. Ia., Titova, E. N. 1998. Poseleniia dnepro-donetskoi etnokulturnoi obshchnosti epokhi neolita. Kiev: Naukova dumka.

Telegin, D. Ia., Nechitailo, A. L, Potekhina, I. D., Panchenko, Iu. V. 2001. Srednestogovskaia i novodanilovskaia kultury eneolita azovo-chernomorskogo regiona: arkheologo-antropologicheskii analiz materialov i katalog pamiatnikov. Lugansk: Shliakh.

Titova, E. N. 1990. O kontaktakh naseleniia kievo-cherkasskoi i bugo-dnestrovskoi kultur. In: Neprina, V. I. (ed.). Kamennyi vek na territorii Ukrainy. Kiev: Naukova dumka, s. 28-39.

Tovkailo, M. 2005. Neolit Stepovoho Pobuzhzhia. Kamiana doba Ukrainy, 6. Kyiv; Luhansk: Shliakh.

Tsvek, E. V. 1989. Bugo-Dneprovskii variant vostochnotripolskoi kultury. In: Pervobytnaia arkheologiia. Materialy i issledovaniia. Kiev: Naukova dumka, s. 106-117.


Abstract views: 23
PDF Downloads: 15
Published
2020-12-22
How to Cite
Neradenko, T. M. (2020). THE SETTLEMENT MOLYUKHIV BUHOR IN THE WORKS OF D. YA. TELEGIN AND ACCORDING TO MODERN DATA . Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 37(4), 348-357. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2020.04.29