СHRONOLOGY OF THE ARMLETS WITH CONICAL CONE ENDS FROM THE MАEOTIAN SITES OF THE KUBAN REGION


Keywords: Kuban Region, Lower Don, Maeotian culture, armlets, fibulae, chronology.

Abstract

Currently there is a need to develop of regional chronological schemes for certain categories and types of archaeological finds. The bronze armlets with the conical cones at the ends can be quite reliable chronological indicators for the assemblages of the first centuries AD in case of lack of other possibilities for dating. The assemblages with armlets from the Maeotian burial grounds of the Kuban region are analyzed in the paper. The published materials from the Don Maeotians burials are also used in order to compare and clarify the chronology. The analysis was mainly carried out basing of the burials with fibulae which are the base for chronology of the armlets. The types of fibulae are quite diverse: the Early Roman type «Aucissa», the «ocular» of Almgren 53 type, the provincial-Roman not enameled brooch, with a hinge of two racks, a round brooch with a clasp of a bow construction, highly profiled fibulae of the Black Sea types, lamellar fibulae with a S-prominent curl and with a button at the end, as well as bow garter fibulae. In separate burials glass vessels and Terra sigillata plate have been found which helped to clarify the dating.

In total, 38 burials from the Maeotian burial grounds of the Kuban and the Lower Don were analyzed. Among them 10 assemblages belong to the first half of the 1st century AD., 17 — to the second half of this century, 8 — to the 1st — beginning of the 2nd century AD., 1 — to the first half of the 2nd century AD. and only 2 burials date widely — the 2nd century. The main period of existence of the armlets with the conical cones at the ends among the Kuban Maeotians, as, however, on the Don, within the 1st to beginning the 2nd centuries AD. The burials of the 1st century BC. with such armlets are not yet known to us. Perhaps this is due to the difficulties in distinguishing assemblages of this time due to the small amount of imported items and the lack of reliable chronological indicators.

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Published
2020-05-26
How to Cite
Limberis, N. Y., & Marchenko, I. I. (2020). СHRONOLOGY OF THE ARMLETS WITH CONICAL CONE ENDS FROM THE MАEOTIAN SITES OF THE KUBAN REGION . Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 36(3), 423-430. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2020.03.30