TECHNO-TYPOLOGICAL ANAIYSIS OF MATERIALS OF THE EXCAVATION II FROM KOROLEVO II SITE IN TRANSCARPATHIA


Keywords: Korolevo II, stratigraphy, blank production, typology of tools.

Abstract

In 1974 V. M. Gladilin opened the site Korolevo II, located on a 20-meter terrace of the Tisza River left bank, 300 m southwest of Korolevo I, on the Verjatsa village northern outskirts. Materials come from trench 1, excavated in 1978, and excavation II, investigated in 1981.

Reconstruction analysis of the finds’ depth and quantitative distribution revealed a certain movement of artifacts along the slope, possibly due to erosion processes, which could have led to their mixing.

The techno-typological analysis showed that the collection is represented with components different time — Middle and Upper Paleolithic.

The Upper Paleolithic component is not numerous (14 %) and, probably, is related to the Upper Paleolithic layers of the Korolevo II site.

Middle Paleolithic collection amounts to 86 %. The presence of all categories of artifacts in this complex indicates a complete cycle of knapped stone reduction on the site. The industry is defined as non-Levallois, non-bladed, non-facetted. Indices: IF large = 25.6 %, IF strict = 4.4 %, ILam = 4.8 %.

The blank production was based on parallel, radial and Kombewa methods of non-volumetric cores reduction. The main blank type is a flake with transverse proportions with massive lateral edge or platform, sometimes with cortex. These flakes were often used as blanks for tools producing.

Tools are rare, but among them there are two special examples of single-edged scrapers with the back and the working edge formed by semi-Quina retouch. These characteristics may indicate the presence of individual characteristics of Charentian type Quina.

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Published
2019-09-01
How to Cite
Votiakova, O. L. (2019). TECHNO-TYPOLOGICAL ANAIYSIS OF MATERIALS OF THE EXCAVATION II FROM KOROLEVO II SITE IN TRANSCARPATHIA. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 32(3), 5-17. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.03.01