CERAMIC PIPES FOR SMOKING TOBACCO WITH FIGURATIVE IMAGES


Keywords: ceramic pipes for smoking, pipes in the form of a human head, pipes in the form of animals, pipes in the form of objects, figurative pipes, seventeenth — nineteenth centuries.

Abstract

The ceramic tobacco pipes of the seventeenth — nineteenth centuries shaped as human head or face, animals or their parts, household items are analyzed in the paper. The tradition of such images on ceramic pipes in Europe takes its origin from England. Similar products appeared later in the Netherlands and Germany. On the territory of Austrian possessions (primarily Czech territory), on Polish and Ukrainian lands the pipes of the North-Western type (with a solid pipe-bowl and stem) are occurred later with pipes of the South-Eastern type (a ceramic bowl and a separate stem from different material). As a result some number of South-Eastern type pipes began to be made with a bowls in the form of a human head, or only with a face image from the mid-seventeenth century. The article describes several styles of pipes with anthropomorphic elements, pipes in the form of boots and products with zoomorphic elements (heads and mouths of predators) or depict an entire animal. The oriental style fashion, dominance of Baroque art, and the beginning of the manufacture of smoking pipes from other materials (primarily from sepiolite) lead to the widespread use of figurative pipes in the eighteenth century and increasing the realism of plastic depiction. This also applies to ceramic pipes. The popularity of smoking pipes with realistic images reaches the top in the late eighteenth and through the entire nineteenth century. The appearance and spread of figurative pipes in Ukraine took place with the same tendencies as in Europe in general. Different styles of figurative pipes in the eighteenth century spread over a large area from Volyn to Slobozhanshchina and the Northern Black Sea coast. The author considers that the pipes with images of people, animals and objects are not inherited from the possessions of the Ottoman Empire but represent a product of the development of European crafts and decorative arts.

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Published
2021-06-01
How to Cite
Chekanovskyi, A. A. (2021). CERAMIC PIPES FOR SMOKING TOBACCO WITH FIGURATIVE IMAGES. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 38(1), 44-57. Retrieved from https://adiu.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/343