RESEARCH OF THE CHRONICLE SETTLEMENT OF CHERNOBYL IN 2004—2020. RESUME, RESULTS AND PROSPECTS


  • S. V. Pereverzev State Scientific Center for Protection of Cultural Heritage from Man-Made Disasters, State Agency of Ukraine on Exclusion Zone Management http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8980-7489
Keywords: Chornobyl settlement, Kyiv Polissya, cultural layer, craft, fortification, protective ditch, settlement structure.

Abstract

Chernobyl was mentioned in Ipatievsky Chronicle in the 1193 for the first time. In 2003 the location of the chronicles Chernobyl was identified by archaeological research. During 2004—2020 the area of 360 m2 was excavated, another 30 m2 was partly explored and inhibited. As a result of the works the cultural layer since the late Stone Age till the modern times has been found. The cultural layer of the pre-chronicle period of Old Rus Chernobyl from the end of the tenth century is fixed. More than 300 archaeological objects, many artifacts and fauna remains were found. There the considerable number of artifacts of the «city» type is represented: martial arrowheads, locks and keys, the elements of horse harness, pieces of window-sill, stylus, a huge number of decorations of glass and metal. About 50 % of osteological remains belong to the wild animals such as taurus, bear, deer. Such findings make it possible to consider Chernobyl confidently the border fortress with an urban lifestyle, founded not later the late tenth century by the end of the eleventh century. It became the important and probably the main fortified outpost of the Northern Kyiv region which controlled the river route to Kyiv from the North.

In the last years of the excavations of settlement the task was to find fortifications and study them. As a result, in 2017 at the most likely location of Old Rus defensive structures, the double moat of the XI—XII centuries was recorded.

As a result of exploration on the territory of modern Chernobyl and in its outskirts in 2016—2020 two settlements of the XI—XII centuries and four localities of Old Rus ceramics were found. In 2020 during the study of the Lelev settlement the cultural layer of the twelveth century was recorded.

In the close future it is necessary to recognize the structure of fortifications and take the necessary activities to protect the chronicle archaeological point.

References

Velmin, S. P. 1914. Ekskursiia po Dnepru i Pripiati dlia osmotra pamiatnikov stariny v m. Chernobyl, organizovannaia Kievskim Obshchestvom Okhrany Pamiatnikov Stariny i Iskusstva sovmestno s Kievskim Otdelom Imperatorskogo Russkogo Voenno-Istoricheskogo Obshchestva (otdelnyi ottisk). Kiev.
Zhurukhina, O. Yu. 2016. Vyroby zi skla z rozkopok davnoho Chornobylia. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 3 (20): Doslidzhennia Kyivskoho Polissia, s. 147-151.
Zotsenko, I. V., Kolybenko, V. O. 2009. Keramichnyi kompleks davnoruskoho horodyshcha Chornobyl (za materialamy rozkopok 2008 roku). In: Serednovichni starozhytnosti Tsentralno-Skhidnoi Yevropy: Materialy VIII Mizhnarodnoi studentskoi naukovoi arkheolohichnoi konferentsii. Chernihiv, 10—12 kvitnia 2009 r. Chernihiv: Siverianska dumka, s. 61-63.
Ipatevskaia… 2001. Ipatevskaia letopis. Polnoe sobranie russkikh letopisei, ІІ. Moskva: Iazyki russkoi kultury.
Koziuba, V. K. 2016. Davni ukriplennia pivnochi Kyivskoho Polissia: stan i perspektyvy doslidzhennia. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 3 (20): Doslidzhennia Kyivskoho Polissia, s. 41-57.
Kuchera, M. P. 1976a. Horodyshcha mylohradskoi kultury v Kyivskomu Polissi. Arkheolohiia, 20, s. 88-94.
Kuchera, M. P. 1976b. Davnoruski horodyshcha na Pravoberezhzhi Kyivshchyny. In: Dovzhenok, V. I. (ed.). Doslidzhennia z slov’iano-ruskoi arkheolohii. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, s. 176-197.
Kuchera, M. P. 1998. Pro deiaki malovidomi typy keramiky na davnoruskykh pam’iatkakh. In: Motsia, O. P. (ed.). Istoriia Rusi-Ukrainy (istoryko-arkheolohichnyi zbirnyk). Kyiv: IA NAN Ukrainy, s. 160-165.
Manko, V. O., Zalizniak, L. L., Smirnov, A. P., Sapozhnykov, I. V. 2003. Zvit pro arkheolohichni rozvidky na terytorii Chornobylskoi zony u 2003 r. NA IA NAN Ukrainy, f. 64, 2003/171.
Manko, V. O., Pereverzieva, O. V. 2008. Doslidzhennia horodyshcha Chornobyl. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2006—2007 rr., s. 222-224.
Novgorodskaia… 2000. Novgorodskaia chetvertaia letopis. Polnoe sobranie russkikh letopisei, ІV. Moskva: Iazyki russkoi kultury.
Pereverziev, S. V. 2010. Doslidzhennia horodyshcha Chornobyl. Problemy ta perspektyvy serednovichnoi arkheolohii v zoni vidchuzhennia. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 1: Problemy davnoruskoi ta serednovichnoi arkheolohii, s. 328-334.
Pereverziev, S. V. 2011. Problemy ta perspektyvy arkheolohichnykh doslidzhen v zoni vidchuzhennia. Pratsi Naukovo-doslidnoho instytutu pam’iatkookhoronnykh doslidzhen, 6, s. 475-482.
Pereverziev, S. V. 2016. Doslidzhennia litopysnoho Chornobylia. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 3 (20): Doslidzhennia Kyivskoho Polissia, s. 85-92.
Pereverziev, S. V., Zotsenko, I. V. 2013. Doslidzhennia davnoruskoho horodyshcha Chornobyl u 2003—2008 rr. Tserkva — nauka — suspilstvo: pytannia vzaiemodii. Na poshanu kyivskoho mytropolyta Yevheniia (Bolkhovitinova). Materialy Odynadtsiatoi Mizhnarodnoi naukovoi konferentsii. Kyiv, 29—31 travnia 2013 r. Kyiv: NKP IKZ, s. 14-16.
Serhieieva, M. S. 2016. Davnoruska rizblena kistka z Chornobylskoho horodyshcha. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 3 (20): Doslidzhennia Kyivskoho Polissia, s. 152-157.
Sierov, O. V. 2016. Kyivske Polissia X—XIII st. za arkheolohichnymy danymy. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 3 (20): Doslidzhennia Kyivskoho Polissia, s. 32-40.
Sirota, N. P. 1968. Kievskoe Polese. In: Popov, V. P., Marinich, A. M., Lanko, A. I. (ed.). Fiziko-geograficheskoe raionirovanie Ukrainskoi SSR (materialy po prirodnomu i ekonomiko-geograficheskomu raionirovaniiu SSSR dlia tcelei selskogo khoziaistva). Kiev: KGU, s. 80-86.
Tikhomirov, M. N. 1979. Russkoe letopisanie. Moskva: Nauka.

Abstract views: 2
PDF Downloads: 0
Published
2021-06-01
How to Cite
Pereverzev, S. V. (2021). RESEARCH OF THE CHRONICLE SETTLEMENT OF CHERNOBYL IN 2004—2020. RESUME, RESULTS AND PROSPECTS. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 38(1), 70-88. Retrieved from https://adiu.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/345