LATE-MEDIEVAL DWELLING FROM THE HLYNSKY ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX


Keywords: Dnieper Left Bank, Hlynsky archaeological complex, late Middle Ages, housing, ceramics.

Abstract

The article is devoted to the publication of a dwelling from the territory of Hlynsky archaeological complex. The site occupies the cape-like remains of the right root bank of the Vorskla River. Covering an area of over 14 hectares, of Horodyshche, Kripost, Pansky Yarok, Tarasivka, Levadnyukova Hora tracts. The complex includes the Big and Small hillforts, fortified and unfortified settlements, and burial mounds.

One of the interesting objects discovered in 2009 is the recessed part of the dwelling of the late Middle Ages. Despite its partial preservation, this object is still quite an informative. Housing probably belongs to the buildings with a cold basement and has signs of log construction of the walls. The absence of pillar pits and the presence of a vestibule-entrance lead to this opinion. The furnace was most likely located on the upper tier. This is evidenced by the concentration of baked clay and coal at the boundary of the upper and lower layers of dwelling filling. Similar dwellings are known from the excavation of Dmytro Berezovets in the settlement Stan 2, near Putivl. Also, such buildings are discovered in the settlements of Komarivka and Ozarichi.

The ceramic complex from the dwelling is represented mainly by fragments of coockingware and a small amount of tableware. The forms of coockingware have certain analogies with vessels from the Ozarichi settlement and Putivl (Gorodok). However, some pots, such as those with rectangular rim, were discovered for the first time. Individual finds quite clearly characterize the material culture after the Mongol invasion. The coexistence of things of the Kievan Rus and later period is traced.

The saturation of the house with ashes and coals indicates that the house burned down. Dating of the object is enclosed within the limits of XIV century.

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Published
2021-06-01
How to Cite
Puholovok, Y. O. (2021). LATE-MEDIEVAL DWELLING FROM THE HLYNSKY ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 38(1), 157-167. Retrieved from https://adiu.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/352