RESIDENTIAL BUILDING OF THE FIRST HALF OF 17th century IN LUBECH


Keywords: Lyubech, residential building, the first half of 17th century.

Abstract

The antiquities of Lyubech of 17th—18th centuries have been known to the scientific community since the B. O. Rybakov’s excavation of the hillfort Zamkova Hora during 1957—1960. Here the powerful cultural layer and remains of buildings, including defensive ones has been recorded. Next time the dwellings and household buildings of this period were recorded by the works of A. L. Kazakov in Lyubech suburb (posad) in 1989—1990. At the beginning of the current century the archaeological expedition of the Taras Shevchenko National University “Chernihiv Collegium”, headed by the author, explored significant areas of the ancient Lyubech in three places — hillforts Zamkova Hora and Monastirishche, as well as the suburb (posad) of Lyubech near stone building (Kamianitsa) of hetman Poubotok. Just at its territory where 372 m2 have been excavated the residential and commercial buildings of the 17th—18th centuries were disco-
vered.

In 2013 and 2016 the remains of rich residential building destroyed in a fire in the middle of the 17th century have been discovered. It is located 13 m north of the north-west corner of the Kamianitsa.

The structure was built on the basement. The interior details of the ground floor have preserved in the upper burnt layers of the consruction pit. To the left of the entrance, in the eastern corner, the remains of destroyed furnace were discovered, and to the right of the entrance, near the wall, a large stone (0.55 Ч 0.25 Ч 0.36 m) was found.

Fragments of kitchen and tableware dating to the first half — mid-seventeenth century were found in the filling of the building. Part of the tableware is decorated with green, yellow, light brown and brown glaze. In addition to the pottery there were also found parts of knives with bone grips, steel, spring and hinged scissors, a fragment of a pipe, fishing sinkers and horseshoes. Among the unique finds the seal cast made from copper alloy should be noted. In the burnt layer of the building and below it the items dated back to the 10th—12th centuries such as the bridle pendant (reshma), fragment of encolpion, bracelet, pin, fragment of a lunula which are made of copper alloy have been occurred, as well as the gold-glass bead, fragment of a glass bracelet, fragments of pyrophillit spindle wheel and plate. Probably during household works the residents of Lyubech of the 17th century accidentally found the old items, collected and stored
them.

Thus, the discovered residential building belonged to the wealthy resident of Lyubech and was destroyed in fire in the middle of 17th century.

References

Veremeychyk, O. M. 2015. Doslidzhennia u smt Liubech Chernihivskoi oblasti u 2013 r. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2014 r., s. 280-282.
Veremeychyk, O. M. 2018. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia Liubetskoi ekspedytsii Natsionalnoho universytetu «Chernihivskyi kolehium» imeni T. H. Shevchenka. In: Metlitckaia, V. M. (ed.). Dneprovskii parom. Prirodnoe edinstvo i istoriko-kulturnoe vzaimodeistvie belorussko-ukrainskogo pogranichchia. Minsk: Chetyre chetverti, s. 36-44.
Veremeychyk, O. M., Bondar, O. M. 2018. Doslidzhennia Liubetskoi ekspedytsii. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2016 r., s. 311-312.
Veremeychyk, O. M. 2020. Istorychna topohrafiia Liubecha X—XI st. Arkheolohiia i davnia istoriia Ukrainy, 2 (35), s. 105-120.
Vynohrodska, L. I. 1992. Cherihivski kakhli XVII—
XVIII st. In: Tolochko, P. P. (ed.). Chernihivska starovyna. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats, prysviachenyi 1300-littiu Chernihova. Chernihiv: Siverianska dumka, s. 75-83.
Gening, V. F. 1992. Drevniaia keramika: metody i programmy issledovaniia v arkheologii. Kiev: Naukova dumka.
Diadechko, O. O. 2020. Znakhidky drymb XIII—XVII st. na terytorii Chernihovo-Sivershchyny. In: Ukrainska arkheolohiia: zdobutky, suchasnyi stan ta perspektyvy. Materialy Vseukrainskoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii z mizhnarodnoiu uchastiu, 7—8 liutoho 2020 r. Sumy: Tsoma S. P., s. 52-55.
Kazakov, A. L., Marchenko, V. M. 1993. Pivdenno-zakhidna chastyna Liubetskoho posadu v IX—XIII vv. In: Tolochko, P. P. (ed.). Starozhytnosti Pivdennoi Rusi. Chernihiv: Siverianska dumka, s. 30-37.
Kamenskii, A. N. 2019. Vargany iz raskopok v Novgorode. Novgorod i Novgorodskaia zemlia. Istoriia i arkheologiia, 32: Materialy XXXII nauchnoi konferentcii, posviashchennoi pamiati N. N. Grineva. Velikii Novgorod, 23—25 ianvaria, 2018 g., s. 176-184.
Kondratiev, I. 2008. Liubech (materialy do dovidkovo-entsyklopedychnykh vydan). Siverianskyi litopys, 2, s. 35-
45.
Kondratiev, I. 2014. Liubetske starostvo (XVI — seredyna XVII st.). Chernihiv: Lozovyi V. M.
Kondratiev, I. V. 2020. Livoberezhni starostva Kyivskoho voievodstva Velykoho Kniazivstva Lytovskoho ta Rechi Pospolytoi: sotsialno-terytorialni transformatsii XIV—XVII st. Dysertatsiia d. i. n. KNU im. T. Shevchenka.
Korzukhina, G. F., Peskova, A. A. 2003. Drevnerusskie enkolpiony. Nagrudnye kresty-relikvarii X—XІІІ vv. Sankt-Peterburg: Peterburgskoe Vostokovedenie.
Mikhailov, K. A. 1997. Tcentralnoaziatskie remennye ukrasheniia v materialakh drevnerusskikh pamiatnikov X v. Novgorod i Novgorodskaia zemlia. Istoriia i arkheologiia, 11, s. 251-260.
Multanen, D. 2018. Osteolohichnyi material zi sporudy pershoi polovyny XVII st. v Liubechi (za materialamy doslidzhen 2016 r.) In: Serednovichni ta rannomoderni starozhytnosti Tsentralno-Skhidnoi Yevropy: Materialy XVII Mizhnarodnoi studentskoi naukovoi arkheolohichnoi konferentsii, Chernihiv, 13—15 kvitnia 2018 r. Chernihiv: NUChK im. T. H. Shevchenka, s. 91-92.
Potapov, I. A. 1992. Goncharnyi gorn XVI—XVIII vv. iz Liubecha. In: Arkhitekturni ta arkheolohichni starozhytnosti Chernihivshchyny. Tezy dopovidei i povidomlen yuvileinoi konferentsii, prysviachenoi 25-richchiu Chernihivskoho arkhitekturno-istorychnoho zapovidnyka. Chernihiv: Siverianska dumka, s. 128-129.
Rybakov, B. A. 1964. Liubech — feodalnyi dvor Monomakha i Olgovichei. Kratkie soobshcheniia IA AN SSSR, 99, s. 21-23.
Chmil, L. V. 2010. Keramichnyi posud serednoi Naddniprianshchyny XVI—XVIII st. Dysertatsiia k. i. n. IA NAN Ukrainy.

Abstract views: 0
PDF Downloads: 0
Published
2021-06-01
How to Cite
Veremeychyk, O. M. (2021). RESIDENTIAL BUILDING OF THE FIRST HALF OF 17th century IN LUBECH. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 38(1), 168-184. Retrieved from https://adiu.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/353