THE LATE AND FINAL BRONZE AGE SETTLEMENT NEAR ZYMOGIRIA IN THE VALLEY OF THE LUGAN RIVER


  • O. S. Probyiholova Archaeological Surveillance Service of Ukraine of the Institute of Archaeology of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: Bronze Age, Lugan river basin, masonry wall technique, stratigraphic horizons.

Abstract

This article is devoted to the publication of the results of excavations of the Late Bronze Age settlement Zymogiria 4 in the basin of the Lugan river. The indication of the culture is a debatable question that has led to the involvement of habitations in to different archeological cultures: bilozerka, Srubnaya, boguslav- bilozerka, ivanovka, otradnenska cultures. Observation of the inheritances of the population of the Berezhnovka-Maevka Srubnaya culture and the population of the Final Bronze Age is proceed with materials from the settlement. Problem of vagueness criteria for the identification post-Zrubna settlements and their clear extraction from Berezhnovka-Maevka Zrubna culture settlements necessitated the importance of research according to the new sources. The problem of the identification of the post-Zrubna horisont will be solved with Late Bronze Age settlement Zymogiria 4 stratigraphy observation. Analysis of the stratigraphic horisonts enables to extract the horisont of the late stage Berezhnovka-Maevka Zrubna culture and horisont post-Zrubna settlements. Presence of the periodization for burials Berezhnovka-Maevka Zrubna culture give possibility of the synchronization with settlements. The system of the settlement placement, organization of the inner space, traditions of the house building continue the line of development the Berezhnovka-Maevka Zrubna culture. At the same time, masonry wall technique of the Final Bronze Age horizon changes, pottery from the Final Bronze Age horizon of the settlement has its own characteristics, which are different from Berezhnovka-Maevka Zrubna culture. The new form of  vessels are appearing, the ornamentation changes. New stone objects appear, that was not present in previous period: whetstone with tray or hole for hanging. In this work is made an attempt to separate the horizone of the Final Bronze Age of Zymogiria 4 settlement from the Berezhnovka-Maevka Zrubna culture horizones, which have many common features.

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Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
Probyiholova, O. S. (2021). THE LATE AND FINAL BRONZE AGE SETTLEMENT NEAR ZYMOGIRIA IN THE VALLEY OF THE LUGAN RIVER. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 39(2), 175-187. Retrieved from https://adiu.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/381