THE WESTERN TRYPILLIA CULTURE HOUSE FROM THE SETTLEMENT OF KAMIANETS-PODILSKYI, TATARYSKY, 3950—3900 BCE


Keywords: Cucuteni-Trypillia cultural complex, Western Trypillia culture, ploshchadka, house, interior.

Abstract

This paper aims to introduce the results of excavations of the house remains at the Western Trypillia culture settlement of Kamianets-Podilskyi, Tatarysky in 2019. Ploshchadka 1 belongs to a cluster composed of four houses, which is located in the outer construction ring of the settlement. Ploshchadka had a nearly rectangular shape. This feature reaching a size of c. 11.6 Ч 4 m was oriented along the west-east axis with a small northwest — southeast deviation. Layer of burnt daub represents the floor of the upper storey of the house. The floor was composed of relatively thick beams of nearly square or semi-round shape in profile, which supported decks. Wooden construction was covered by two layers of daub. Upper storey was subdivided into two rooms, i. e. the entrance space and residential room. Residential area included an oven and the interior element, which shape and size was not possible to reconstruct. Composition of the clay mass of the latter feature and its location are analogous to the construction details of altars in houses of other Western Trypillia culture regions. Interior of the lower storey is represented by the shallow pit and two installations made of clay. In the eastern part of the residential area, parts of the floor partly covered each other indicating somewhat larger length of the house than it is represented by the length of Ploshchadka 1. According to the location of the interior details, Ploshchadka 1 at Kamianets-Podilskyi, Tatarysky is referred to the variation 6 (upper storey) and variation B (lower storey) of Trypillia houses in the scheme of D. Chernovol. Analogies to the Ploshchadka 1 from other areas of the Western Trypillia culture made possible some conclusions on the influence of the Middle Dniester traditions on house construction techniques in the Southern Buh and Dnipro interfluve.

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Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
Diachenko, O. V., & Sobkowiak-Tabaka, I. (2021). THE WESTERN TRYPILLIA CULTURE HOUSE FROM THE SETTLEMENT OF KAMIANETS-PODILSKYI, TATARYSKY, 3950—3900 BCE . Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 39(2), 226-236. Retrieved from https://adiu.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/385