A BURIAL MOUND IN THE TOWN OF CIMIŞLIA IN SOUTHERN PART OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: RELATIVE AND ABSOLUTE CHRONOLOGY OF THE BURIALS


Keywords: Late Eneolithic, Zhivotilovka culture, absolute chronology, Yamnaya culture

Abstract

The grave mound 8 the in city of Cimişlia, Republic Moldova is located on the first terrace of the Cogвlnic River. Burials from the Eneolithic to the Sarmatian period, a ditch and cult structure have been discovered in it. The relative and absolute dating of the burial series of the Eneolithic — Early Bronze Age is being clarified.

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S. Popovici, E. Kaiser
A BURIAL MOUND IN THE TOWN OF CIMIŞLIA IN SOUTHERN PART OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: RELATIVE AND ABSOLUTE CHRONOLOGY OF THE BURIALS
The grave mound 8 in the town Cimişlia, Republic Moldova, was situated on the first terrace of the small river Cogвlnic. Ten graves of the Eneolithic — Sarmatian periods, ditch and cult structure were discovered. Because of intensive ploughing activity, the mound was only 0.8 m in height, 36 m in diameter. It was one of a group of six burial mounds there. Based on the analysis of stratigraphy and a series of radiocarbon dates, the relative and absolute chronology of graves of the Eneolithic — Early Bronze Age is established.
The first group of burials — the Late Eneolithic time. The oldest grave, Grave 3, was built between 3800 and 3647 cal. BC. No temporal difference between it and the cult structure can be detected on the basis of the radiocarbon dates. This fact, combined with the direct spatial proximity of the two complexes suggests that they existed simultaneously. Similar structures are known in the region northwest of the Black Sea, the Dnieper region and Molochnaya river.
The second group of graves — the Zhivotilovka Culture. These two graves yielded almost identical calibrated date ranges between 3356 and 3104 cal. BC. They fit well into the chronological frame of Trypillya C2 phase and of the Final Eneolithic in the steppe zone north of the Black Sea.
The third group of graves — the Yamnaya Culture. The date range for Grave 1 is significantly earlier than that for Grave № 6, indicating that the former is one of the very early burials of the Yamnaya culture. It was obviously dug into the existing burial mound. With the help of Bayesian modelling, date range was shortened significantly, to 3086—2917 cal. BC. Perhaps only one or two generations later, between 2895 and 2671 cal. BC, the second grave of the Yamnaya culture, Grave 6, was built here.
The relatively wide calibrated date ranges obtained for many of the Cimişlia graves are due to the numerous wiggles in the calibration curve. The absolute dates for Grave 6 fit in well with many other dates obtained for the graves of the Yamnaya culture in the region northwest of the Black Sea.

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Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
Popovici, S., & Kaiser, E. (2021). A BURIAL MOUND IN THE TOWN OF CIMIŞLIA IN SOUTHERN PART OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: RELATIVE AND ABSOLUTE CHRONOLOGY OF THE BURIALS . Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 39(2), 270-279. Retrieved from https://adiu.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/388