OLBIO AND ITS OUTSKIRTS IN THE 18th — EARLY 20th CENTURIES:TOPOGRAPHIC AND HISTORIOGRAPHIC ESSAYS


Keywords: the city of Olbio and its environs, the tract of the Hundred Tombs, topography and cartography, plans and maps, Roman fortifications, the beginning of the road to Tyras, Illinske or Parutine village.

Abstract

The paper is devoted to the publication and analysis of the literary and cartographic sources of the late 18th — early 20th centuries in some way or another related to the ruins of Olbio and its outskirts. Some of them are dated back to so-called «pre-Russian period» of the study of this unique complex of archaeological sites, in particular the plan of the French military topographer A. Zh. de Lafitt-Clave in 1784 where any settlements is not marked directly in the Olbio region. Further is the «Russian Old Believers episode» of the history of Ilyinske-Parutine village recorded by Count A. S. Uvarov in 1848. The author paid the main attention to several problems and aspects of the history of mapping the Olbio settlement and the Sto Mohyl (One hundred kurgans) tract which was began around 1810 by I. S. Borislavsky. Particular attention in the paper was paid to the plans of P. I. Kцppen 1819, and it is also specified that the author of one of the best plans of Olbio (1863) was A. P. Chirkov. The result of these researches is the «List of basic plans and maps of Olbio and its environs in the 1810s — 1860s» (Appendix 1). In the final part of the paper the sources of the late 19th—20th centuries which were the basis of S.B. Buyskikh’s reconstruction of the defense line of Olbian limes were analyzed in detail. The main problem with these constructions is that earthen embankments with moats have not yet been identified or explored. Based on a number of facts and field observations, the route of the road from Olbio to the west (to Tyras and other cities), which passed through Kamеnka (Anchekrak), is proposed by the author. It is clear that this assumption needs to be tested in the field using modern devices (GPS navigator, georadar and drone). In addition, the author republished the essays by I. I. Kedrin «Small town Illinskoe» 1850 (Appendix 2) and A. A. Skalkovsky about his trip to Olbio in 1861 (Appendix 3).

References

Arkas, N., Brun, F. T. 1872. Arkheologicheskaia razvedka nekotoroi chasti Olvii. Zapiski OOID, VIII, s. 412-414, tabl. Kh.

Berte-Delagard, A. L. 1888. Katalog kartam, planam, chertezham, vidam, khraniashchimsia v Muzee Imperatorskogo Odesskogo obshchestva istorii i drevnostei. Odessa: Tip. A. Shultse.

Blaramberg, I. P. 1828. Opisanie drevnikh medalei Olvii ili Olviopolia, nakhodiashchikhsia v Odesse…, s istoricheskim izvestiem o drevnem gorode Olvii, s planom onogo i s izobrazheniem 225-ti medalei i monet, gravirovannykh v Parizhe Sent-Anzhem. Moskva: V univ. tip.

Brun, F. 1863. Donesenie o poezdke k ustiam rek Buga i Dnepra, v 1862 godu. Zapiski OOID, V, s. 985-993, tabl. 4-5.

Buiskykh, A., Fornasie, Y., Kuzmishchev, O. 2019. Doslidzhennia olviiskoho peredmistia. Arkheolohichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini 2017 r., s. 152-154.

Buiskikh, S. B. 1991. Fortifikatsiia Olviiskogo gosudarstva (pervye veka novoi ery). Kiev: Naukova dumka.

Volan, F. P. 2002. Opisanie zemli Edisan ili Otchet otnositelno geograficheskogo i topograficheskogo polozheniia Provintsii Ozu ili Edisan, obychno nazyvaemoi Ochakovskaia step, sluzhashchii poiasneniem k kartami planam, sniatym po vysochaishemu ukazaniiu. In: Okhotnikov, S. B. (ed.). Nasledie F. P. De-Volana: iz istorii porta, goroda, kraia. Odessa: Astroprint, s. 74-200.

Gavriil. 1848. Istoriko-khronologicheskoe opisanie tserkvei eparkhii Khersonskoi i Tavricheskoi. Odessa: Gor. tip.

Hrebennykov, V. B., Karazhei, O. M., Yatsenko, S. M. 2011. Pamiatnyky arkheolohii Ochakivskoho raionu: kataloh-dovidnyk. Mykolaiv: Ilion.

Grigorovich, V. 1874. Zapiska antikvara o poezdki ego na Kalku i Kalmius v korsunskuiu zemliu i na iuzhnye poberezhia Dnestra i Dnepra. Odessa: Tip. P. Frantsova.

Zolotarev, M. I., Buiskikh, S. B. 1997. Neizvestnyi plan Olvii P. I. Keppena. Rossiiskaia arkheologiia, 2, s. 241-245.

Itogi… 1924. Itogi raskopok «russkoi Pompei» (v drevnei Olvii u s. Parutino Nikolaevskogo okruga). Krasnyi Nikolaev, 1121 (3 oktiabria), s. 6.

Karasev, A. N. 1956. Plany Olvii XIX v. kak istochniki dlia istoricheskoi topografii Olvii. Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, IX, s. 9-34.

Kedrin, I. 1850. Otryvki iz putevogo zhurnala pri obozrenii selskogo khoziaistva v Khersonskoi gubernii v 1850 godu. Zhurnal MGI, XXXVII, 4, s. 78-98.

Kozlenko, R. O. 2016. Rymski forty na terytorii Olviiskoi derzhavy. Arkheolohiia, 2, s. 78-87.

Latyshev, V. V. 1887. Issledovanie istorii i gosudarstvennom stroe goroda Olvii. Sankt-Peterburg: tip. V. S. Balasheva.

Meier, A. 1794. Povestvovanie zemlemernoe i estestvoslovnoe opisanie Ochakovskaia zemlia. Sanktpeterburg: Pech. u I. K. Shnora.

(Muravev-Apostol, I. M.). 1823. Puteshestvie po Tavride v 1820 godu. Sankt-Peterburg: Tip. sostoiashchaia pri osobennoi kantseliarii MVD.

Papanova, V. A. 2006. Urochishche Sto Mogil (nekropol Olvii Pontiiskoi). Kiev: Znannia Ukrainy.

Ratner, I. D. 1990. Stareishii plan Olvii i ego avtor. In: Problemy arkheologii Severnogo Prichernomoria. Tezisy dokladov iubileinoi konferentsii. III. Kherson, s. 77-78.

Sapozhnykov, I. 1999. Chornomorske viisko v Buho-Dnistrovskomu mezhyrichchi (1789—1793 roky). In: Sapozhnykov, I. (ed.). Khadzhybei — Odesa ta ukrainske kozatstvo (1415—1797 roky). Odesa: OKFA, s. 183-236.

Sapozhnikov, I. V. 2000. Kartograficheskie materialy po arkheologii, istorii i geografii nizovii Buga i Dnepra: raboty A. P. Chirkova 1863—1866 godov. In: Dubenko, K. I. (ed.). Istoriia. Etnohrafiia. Kultura. Novi doslidzhennia. Mykolaiv: Atol, s. 259-265.

Sapozhnikov, I. V. 2001—2002. Ocherki istorii issledovanii Olvii i Berezani (do nachala XIX st. ot R. Kh.). Stratum plus, 3, s. 452-461.

Sapozhnikov, I. V. 2011. Drevnie valy Bessarabii ili Budzhaka: iz istorii kartografirovaniia v XVIII—XIX vv. Materialy po arkheologii Severnogo Prichernomoria, 12, s. 206-236.

Sapozhnikov, I. 2013. Novye kartograficheskie materialy o drevnikh valakh Bessarabii. Tyragetia, VII, 1, s. 345-354.

Sapozhnikov, I. 2017. Drevnie valy i dorogi raiona perepravy cherez Dunai u ozera Kartal: opyt kartograficheskoi stratigrafii. Tyragetia, XI, 1, s. 213-225.

Sapozhnikov, I. 2018. Iz istorii izucheniia imennykh kurganov Iuga Vostochnoi Evropy: raboty P. I. Keppena 1820-kh — 1850-kh godov. Eminak, I, 2 (22), s. 15-24.

Sapozhnikov, I. V. 2019. Karty i plany Bugo-Dnestrovskoi chasti Prichernomoria poslednei treti XVIII veka kak arkheologicheskie istochniki. Scriptorium nostrum, 1 (12), s. 81-110.

Sapozhnikov, I., Argatiuk, S. 2017. Konets epokhi krepostei v Severo-Zapadnom Prichernomore: vtoraia polovina 1820-kh — nachalo 1860-kh godov. Scriptorium nostrum, 1 (7), s. 158-195.

Sapozhnikov, I., Argatiuk, S. 2018. Ivan Kedrin i ego ekspeditsiia 1850 goda po Severo-Zapadnomu Prichernomoriu. Pivdennii zakhid. Odesika, 24, s. 9-39.

Sapozhnikov, I. V., Polevshchikova, E. V. 2005—2009. Sharl de Peisonel i ego vklad v izuchenie antichnoi geografii Severo-Zapadnogo Prichernomoria. Stratum plus, 4, s. 464-475.

Sbornik… 1896. Sbornik istoricheskikh materialov po istorii Kubanskogo kazachego voiska. Sobrany I. I. Dmitrenko. III: 1787—1795 gg. Sankt-Peterburg: Tip. shtaba otd. korpusa zhandarmov.

Skalkovskii, A. 1870a. O tsennosti zemli v Novorossiiskom krae. Trudy Odesskogo statisticheskogo komiteta, IV, s. 102-116.

Skalkovskii, A. 1870b. Poezdka v Olviiu. Trudy Odesskogo statisticheskogo komiteta, IV, s. 158-177.

Suruchan, I. K. 1888. Opyt dokazatelstva mestonakhozhdeniia skifskogo ukrepleniia Alektora i Zolotogo Berega Konstantina Bagrianorodnogo. In: Uspenskii, F. (ed.). Trudy VI Arkheologicheskogo sieezda v Odesse. 2. Odessa: Tip. A. Shultse, s. 129-134.

Tunkina, I. V. 2000. P. I. Keppen kak issledovatel Olvii (stanovlenie arkheologa). Arkheologicheskie izvestiia, 7, s. 357-372.

Tunkina, I. V. 2002. Russkaia nauka o klassicheskikh drevnostiakh iuga Rossii (XVIII — seredina XIX vv.). Sankt-Peterburg: Nauka.

Uvarov, A. 1851. Issledovaniia o drevnostiakh Iuzhnoi Rossii i beregov Chernogo moria. 1. Sankt-Peterburg: Tip. ekspeditsii izgotovl. gos. bumag.

Uvarov, A. 1853. Sobranie kart i risunkov k «Issledovaniiam o drevnostiakh Iuzhnoi Rossii i beregov Chernogo moria». Sankt-Peterburg.

Fabritsius, I. V. 1951. Arkheologicheskaia karta Prichernomoria Ukrainskoi SSR. I. Kiev: AN USSR.

Chirkov, A. 1867. Kratkii ocherk gorodishch, nakhodiashchikhsia po Dnepru i ego limanu. Zapiski OOID, VI, s. 546-550.

Shishkin, K. V. 1982. Aerometod kak istochnik dlia istoricheskoi topografii Olvii i ee okrestnostei. Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 3, s. 235-242.

Iastrebov, V. N. 1894. Opyt topograficheskogo obozreniia drevnostei Khersoneskoi gubernii. Zapiski OOID, XVII, s. 63-176.

Blaramberg, I. P. 1822. Choix de mйdailles antiques d’Olbiopolis ou Olbia, faisant partie du cabinet du conseiller d’йtat de Blaramberg, а Odessa; avec XX planches, gravees d’apres ses dessins sur les mйdailles originales; accompagnйes d’une notice sur Olbia, et d’un plan de l’emplacement ou se voient aujourd’hui les ruines de cette ville. Paris: Chez firmin Didot.

Lafitte-Clavй. 1998. Journal d’un voyage sur les cфtes de la Mer Noire du 28 Avril au 18 Septembre 1784. Istanbul: Isis, р. 26-180.


Abstract views: 20
PDF Downloads: 10
Published
2021-11-03
How to Cite
SаpоzhnykovІ. V. (2021). OLBIO AND ITS OUTSKIRTS IN THE 18th — EARLY 20th CENTURIES:TOPOGRAPHIC AND HISTORIOGRAPHIC ESSAYS. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 40(3), 354-369. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2021.03.25