ON THE BEGINNING OF THE EARLY IRON AGE IN THE TERRITORY OF MIDDLE DON BASIN


  • A. P. Medvedev Voronezh State University
  • R. S. Berestnev Voronezh Regional Museum of Local Lore
Keywords: Middle Don, mounds, early Iron Age, Pre-Scythian period, Novocherkassk type, treasure, Cimmerians.

Abstract

The article is devoted to the characterization of pre-Scythian time monuments in the forest-steppe course of the Don. The authors come to the conclusion about the regional specificity of the process of cultural genesis in this territory at the beginning of the early Iron Age.

The authors analyze the new treasure of Novocherkassk type. It was opened in 2016 in the Podgorensky district of the Voronezh region. This treasure includes psalms, hatchet, metal plates, bracelet-like rings, spearheads. In inventory, it is close to the pre-Scythian burials in the forest-steppe Ukraine (Butenki, Kvitki). Obviously, the population that left the treasure penetrated into the territory of the Middle Don region from the steppes between the Dnieper and Ciscaucasia — the place where the Cimmerian culture was formed in the 9th century. Objects close to the Proto-Meotian, Novocherkassk complexes, their diversity show this process.

It remains an open question about the relationship in the studied region of the funerary monuments of Novocherkassk type and Middle-Don mounds of the Scythian time.

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Published
2019-03-25
How to Cite
Medvedev, A. P., & Berestnev, R. S. (2019). ON THE BEGINNING OF THE EARLY IRON AGE IN THE TERRITORY OF MIDDLE DON BASIN. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 31(2), 92-101. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.02.07