RESEARCH OF THE EARLY SCYTHIAN KURGAN ІN KUPYN VILLAGE OF KHMELNITSKYI REGION


  • V. A. Hutsal Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University
Keywords: Kupyn, mound, burial, tomb, ceramics, iron axe.

Abstract

In 2018 the archaeological expedition of Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University investigated a group of four mounds of the Early Scythian time in v. Kupyn, Gorodok district of Khmelnitskyi region. All of them are seriously robbed at different times. The work was carried out on two mounds.

Mound 3 with a diameter of 15 m, height up to 1 m, damaged by predatory pits. There was built wooden tomb, which later burned. A powerful flame enveloped the whole space and burned the soil to a bright brick color. At one of the sites that were touched by the robbers, the remains of two graves were discovered at the level of the ancient surface. The burial site was filled with yellow clay over an area of 1.1 Ч 0.45 m. The first burial was the remains of a single body, which was in a crouched condition. When the wooden structures of the mound were burning, the skeleton also burned down. Preserved fragments of one leg, femur and tibia, knee joint, several fragments of pelvic bones. The second burial was located next to the first one, but a little south-east. Here, calcified bones were piled up 19 earthen vessels were broken at the buried. Among them are two bank pots, a large and a small claypots, two bowls with a curved edge, two other bowls have a crown bent outward. The whole series presents scoops with a low cup and a high handle with a performance. One of the scoops is made on a potter’s wheel. With tools found, made of iron ax, two ax-tesla, chisel.

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Published
2019-03-25
How to Cite
Hutsal, V. A. (2019). RESEARCH OF THE EARLY SCYTHIAN KURGAN ІN KUPYN VILLAGE OF KHMELNITSKYI REGION. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 31(2), 259-267. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.02.18