NEW RESEARCH IN ZHABOTIN


  • M. N. Daragan Institute of Archaeology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • V. A. Pidobid Donetsk Museum of Local History
Keywords: Beginning of the early Iron Age, settlements, defense systems, moat, chronology, ceramics.

Abstract

The focus of the work is the publication of the results of the excavations on the reference monument at the beginning of the early Iron Age of the Dnieper Right Bank Forest-Steppe — the settlement near the village of Zhabotin. The article includes the description of newly discovered objects (ditch, pits), analysis of stratigraphy and a detailed analysis of finds from closed archaeological complexes. For understanding the spatial structure of the settlement, a very important discovery was Site 23, a ditch that crossed the inhabited area of the plateau of the settlement from West to East.

The ditch passes, apparently, through the whole of the central part of the monument, dividing it into two parts. The ditch was built in the initial phase of the settlement. It should be noted that during the period of the ditch’s functioning, the separated parts of the settlement were inhabited in the area of the ditch.

The complexes were investigated both prior to it (pit 1) with materials from the Zhabotin 1 horizon (first half of the 8th BCE) and constructed after his backfill (pit 2, of the second half of the 7th BCE). It is noteworthy that in pit 2 a fragment of South Ionian bowl, most likely from Miletos, was found. It must be type Schlotzhauer 6 (subtype 6.2.B to 6.5), most likely to be dated between 660/50—630/20 BCE. At excavation Site 24, a pits from the 8th — first half of the 7th BCE and the second half of the 6th beginning of the 5th BCE was investigated. Studies of material complex from the ditch and different pits not only confirmed the periodization frame of the settlement to 8—7 century BC, but also allowed that it extended until the beginning of the 5th BCE. Based on the new materials, the chronological frames of Zhabotin and Motroninsky hillforts (located at the distance of 4.5 km), can be linked suggesting that they partially overlap each other.

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PDF Downloads: 68
Published
2019-03-25
How to Cite
Daragan, M. N., & Pidobid, V. A. (2019). NEW RESEARCH IN ZHABOTIN. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 31(2), 268-286. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.02.19