THE TWO GROUPS OF LATE ROMAN AGE SETTLEMENTS IN THE HEADSTREAM OF TILIGUL RIVER


Keywords: Late Roman time, the Tiligul headstream, the settlement Tochilovo, Aleksandrovka I, Baytali III, sites of Etuliya type, Chernyakhiv culture.

Abstract

In the paper the materials of new sites of the first centuries AD are examined. They were revealed and some of them even explored in the Tiligul headstream in 1988—1989, 1997, 2000. Many of these sights were revealed several decades ago but despite of that their materials were not entirely included to the science circulation and, thoroughly, did not find their qualitative scientific comprehension up to the present moment. According to the chronology and the character of materials of these sites they could be divided into two groups of antiquities: sites of Etuliya type and of Chernyakhiv culture. First of them are presented by the settlements Tochilovo and Aleksandrovka I which, as things stand, are the first sites of Etuliya type revealed and researched in the forest-steppe natural and climatic zone on the lands between Dniester and Southern Bug. The Chernyakhiv sites are represented on this territory by the settlement Baytali III. The sites of Etuliya type chronologically take precedency here of the Chernyakhiv sites which is dated to the second half of 3rd—4th century AD, and as the settlement structure it appeared not later than 250/260 AD. At the same time, the concurrency of the low date of Chernyakhiv site (the settlement Baytali III) and of the high date of the site of Etuliya type (the settlement Tochilovo) may show the short-time coexistence of population of these settlements in the Tiligul headstream, at least, over a period of sixties of the 3rd century AD.

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Published
2019-12-25
How to Cite
Dzygovskyi, O. M., & Sapozhnykov, I. V. (2019). THE TWO GROUPS OF LATE ROMAN AGE SETTLEMENTS IN THE HEADSTREAM OF TILIGUL RIVER. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 33(4), 109-128. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.04.07