ON THE DISPOSITION OF HORSES IN KOZEL BARROW


  • E. V. Perevodchikova Institute of Archaeology, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • K. B. Firsov State Historical Museum
Keywords: Scythian époque, Scythian royal barrow, horse burials, Kozel barrow.

Abstract

The article deals with the disposition of horses in Kozel barrow of the IV century BC situated in the left coast Lower Dnieper region. 11 horses were buried in three special tombs there. The horses were adorned with silver and bronze bridles, some had also saddles with golden plagues, and some had bronze breast (neck) dressings.

I. E. Zabelin, the author of excavation this barrow, had described the disposition of horses. We had analyzed the arrangement of horses on the basis of this description. We had seen some rhythm in the arrangement of the horses in silver and bronze dressings. The regularity observed was based on the colour difference of horse bridles. Comparing the results of our observations on the Kozel horses disposition with the disposition of horses in Chertomlyk barrow we had found some resemblance between them also basing on the colour difference of horse bridles.

A.Yu. Alexeev analyzing Chertomlyk horse tombs became to a conclusion this way of space organization of horse tombs is an evidence of royal status of the buried person. This conclusion may be applied for Kozel barrow also, but it is smaller and not so rich, and usually is interpreted as a burial of royal family member. But we should not forgot that nobody knows of the treasures contained this plundered barrow.

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Published
2019-06-25
How to Cite
Perevodchikova, E. V., & Firsov, K. B. (2019). ON THE DISPOSITION OF HORSES IN KOZEL BARROW. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 31(2), 349-354. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.02.27