NOTES ON GREEK, ITALIC AND MACEDONIAN BRONZE VESSELS OF THE SCYTHIANS AND MAIOTIANS


  • M. Yu. Treister German Archaeological Institute
Keywords: Scythian, Maiotian tumuli, Greek, Italic, Macedonian bronze vessels, losses, signs of repair, hoard of bronze vessels from Peschanoe.

Abstract

Discussed are Greek, Italic and Macedonian bronze vessels found in Scythia and Maoitia. In general, mostly contemporary new vessels were received by the nomads, which quite often in course of durable usage lost some of their elements.The fact of durable usage of imported metalware is attested by the finds from well dated contexts of the ritual complexes of the Ulyap necropolis.

The most valuable information is provided by the complex of 15 bronze vessels found near the village of Peschanoe in the valley of the River Supoi in the Dnieper basin, whose owner was designated as a trader of old metalware by W. Fuchs in 1978. A significant chronological dispersion of the vessels from the complex (ca. 150—170 years) makes us cautious about the idea that this was an ordinary trade cargo. Analysis of the traces of repair and losses of vessel elements shows that among them there are some, which may probably be the result of correcting of defects during the manufacture, as well as losses and repairs that occurred during the use of vessels. The latest vessels from this find, dated not earlier than the middle / third quarter of the 4th century BC, of Macedonian or Thracian origin, show no losses and no repairs.

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Published
2019-06-25
How to Cite
Treister, M. Y. (2019). NOTES ON GREEK, ITALIC AND MACEDONIAN BRONZE VESSELS OF THE SCYTHIANS AND MAIOTIANS. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 31(2), 518-526. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.02.43