CONSTRUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF BURIALS WITH INHUMATION OF CHERNIAKHIV CULTURE OF SHYSHAKY CEMETERY


  • R. M. Reida Institute of Archaeology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • A. V. Heiko , Institute of Keramology — of the Ethnology Institute, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • S. V. Sapiehin Museum-Reserve A. S. Makarenko
Keywords: Cherniakhiv culture, Shyshaky cemetery, burial, grave.

Abstract

The article deals with the characteristics of graves’ constructions of Shyshaky cemetery of Cherniakhiv culture. During the total period of excavation work for eight seasons there were found 156 burials. The graves’ structures were traced in 89 graves of Shyshaky cemetery. The inhumations were oriented to the west and to the north and the amount of them was 98.5 % of the total number. These burials were in grave pits, lerge graves, barbarian chambered graves or in grave pits with some constructive features.

The ratio of inhumations was as follows: in grave pits (Fig. 1—2), lerge graves (Fig. 3), barbarian chambered graves (Fig. 4) or in grave pits with some constructive features (Fig. 2: 3; 3: 3) are given in the table (Fig. 5).

The burial constructions of Shyshaky cemetery refer to late periods of Cherniakhiv culture and they are dated to the second part of the 4th — 5th centuries.

References

Reida, R. M., Heiko, A. V., Sapiehin, S. V. 2014a. Zhinoche pokhovannia 60 z Shyshatskoho mohylnyka cherniakhivskoi kultury. In: Ivakin, H. Yu. (ed.). Vid venediv do Rusi. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats na poshanu doktora istorychnykh nauk, profesora Denysa Nykodymovycha Kozaka z nahody yoho 70-littia. Kyiv: IA NANU; Kharkiv: Maidan, s. 193-204.
Reida, R. M., Heiko, A. V., Sapiehin, S. V. 2014. Pokhovannia z «platoiu Kharonu» z Shyshatskoho mohylnyka cherniakhivskoi kultury. Arkheolohiia, 1, s. 97-103.
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Reida, R. M., Heiko, A. V., Sapiehin, S. V. 2018a. Deiaki khronoindykatory druhoi polovyny IV — V st. z Shyshatskoho mohylnyka. Ostrogothica-Serie (Hefte), 3, s. 111-120.
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Published
2019-03-25
How to Cite
Reida, R. M., Heiko, A. V., & Sapiehin, S. V. (2019). CONSTRUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF BURIALS WITH INHUMATION OF CHERNIAKHIV CULTURE OF SHYSHAKY CEMETERY. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 30(1), 23-29. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.01.02