SOUTHERN BORDER OF THE ROMNY CULTURE


  • Yu. O. Puholovok Ceramology Institute — the branch of the Ethnology Institute of the NAS of Ukraine
Keywords: Dnieper’s Left Bank, Early Middle Age, Romny culture, Siverians, Rus.

Abstract

The article deals with the monuments of the chronicles Siverians, located in the middle and lower reaches of the Pesl and Vorskla rivers. On the basis of archaeological materials, their territorial structure is outlined. In modern scientific literature, there is a fairly established view that the carriers of the Romny culture were chosen to resettle the area that dominated the surrounding and used as much as possible the natural conditions for their protection. From this, the characteristic of the Romny settlements as a hillfort was followed. However, with the growth of the source base, there is a certain change in the views. So, now researchers of the Romny culture noted the predominance of open settlements over the hillforts.

But it is fixed much in Poseymya. According to available archaeological sources, in the south-eastern borders of the Siverians, such predominance of open settlements over the hillforts does not exist. In the vicinity of almost fortification of the Romny culture there is only one settlement, although in some cases they are not recorded at all. It is possible that such placement of monuments is a specific feature of this territory, so to speak, a certain form of adaptation of the Siverian population to life on the steppe border. Note that in the Siversky Donets basin, on the border with the Khazar Kaganate, there are still unknown open settlements, and the most important type of settlements is the fortification itself — the hillfort. Thus, in the southern Siverian borders four groups of monuments are allocated. There are Zhurvanska and Poltava groups of monuments are located on Vorskla; on Psel — Kamenska and Nizhnio-Pisilska. In this regard, the southern boundaries of the spread of the Romny culture pass through the New Sanzhary — Ostapie — Lukimya.

References

Bilousko, O. A., Suprunenko, O. B., Myronenko, K. M. 2004. Serednovichna istoriia Poltavshchyny (V — I polovyna XVI stolittia): Pidruchnyk dlia 7 klasu zahalnoosvitnoi shkoly. Poltava: Oriiana.
Bovkun, I. V., Sukhvoska, I. V. 1991. Davnoruske horodyshche v Novykh Sanzharakh. In: Suprunenko, O. B. (ed.). Pamiatky arkheorlohii Poltavshchyny. Poltava: PKM, s. 89-93.
Havrylenko, I. M. 1997. Zvit pro rozvidky pamiatok arkheolohii v okruzi Bilskoho horodyshcha v zaplavi r. Vorskly, Kotelevskyi i Zinkivskii raiony Poltavskoi oblasti 1996 r. Naukovyi arkhiv TsODPA, f. e., spr. 155.
Havrylenko, I. M., Suprunenko, O. B. 2001. Do arkheolohichnoi karty baseinu Nyzhnoho Psla. Arkheolohichnyi litopys Livoberezhnoi Ukrainy, 1, s. 85-92.
Grigoryev, A. V. 2000. Severyanskaya zemlya v VIII — nachale ХI veka po arkheologicheskim dannym. Tula: Grif i KO. Trudy Tulskoy arkheologicheskoy ekspiditsii, 2.
Gurov, A. V. 1888. Geologicheskoye opisaniye Poltavskoy gubernii: Otchet Poltavskomu gubernskomu zemstvu. Kharkov: tip. M. F. Zilberberga.
Enukov, V. V. 2005. Slavyane do Ryurikovichey. Kursk: Uchitel. Kurskiy kray: nauchno-populyarnaya seriya v 20 t., 3.
Zolotnytska, T. M., Suprunenko, O. B. 1999. Hlynskyi kurhannyi nekropol. Poltavskyi arkheolohichnyi zbirnyk — 1999: do 1100-littia m. Poltavy za arkheolohichnymy doslidzhenniamy, s. 188-211.
Kashkin, A. V., Uzyanov, A. A. 1989. Severo-vostochnyy rubezh Poseymia. In: Problemy arkheologii Sumshchiny. Tezisy dokladov oblasnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. Sumy: Sumskoy krayevedcheskiy muzey, s. 66-67.
Kashkin, A. V., Uzyanov, A. A. 1992. Fiziko-geograficheskaya osnova formirovaniya mikroregionov arkheologicheskoy kultury v Russkoy lesostepi. In: Teoriya i metodika issledovaniy arkheologicheskikh pamyatnikov Lesostepoy zony: tezisy dokladov nauchnoi konferentsii. Lipetsk: LGPI, s. 177-178.
Kashkin, A. V., Uzyanov, A. A. 1994. Ob odnom «nesostoyavshemsya gorode» na verkhnem Psle. In: Problemy rannoslov’ianskoi i davnoruskoi arkheolohii Poseim’ia: Materialy naukovoi konferentsii prysviachenoi 900-richchiu Vyr. Sumy, s. 16-18.
Kovalenko, O. V., Kulatova, I. M., Myronenko, K. M., Suprunenko, O. B. 1999. Nove horodyshche davnoruskoi doby u Serednomu Podniprov’i. Arkheolohichnyi litopys Livoberezhnoi Ukrainy, 2, s. 41-43.
Koloda, V. V. 2005. Slov’iano-khazarski vidnosyny kriz pryzmu novykh arkheolohichnykh danykh z baseinu Siverskoho Dintsia. Arkheolohichnyi litopys Livoberezhnoi Ukrainy, 1—2, s. 72-81.
Kulatova, I. M., Heiko, A. V., Zolotnytska, T. M., Myronenko, K. M., Suprunenko, O. B. 1998. Doslidzhennia Hlynskoho arkheolohichnoho kompleksu. Arkheolohichni vidkryttia v Ukraini 1997—1998 rr., s. 91-92.
Lutskevych, I. 1948. Materialy do karty poshyrennia pam’iatok kultury poliv pokhovan na terytorii Kharkivskoi oblasti. Arkheolohiia, 2, s. 164-178.
Liapushkin, I. I. 1949. Staroslov’ianske poselennia VIII—XIII st. na terytorii m. Poltavy (za materialamy polovykh rozshukiv 1940, 1945 i 1946 r.). Arkheolohichni pamiatky URSR, I, s. 58-75.
Lyapushkin, I. I. 1951. Itogi polevykh izyskaniy 1945 g. v basseyne r. Vorskly i nekotoryye vyvody iz nikh. Sovetskaya arkheologiya, XV, s. 17-43.
Lyapushkin, I. I. 1961. Dneprovskoye Lesostepnoye Levoberezhye v epokhu zheleza. Moskva: Nauka. Materialy i issledovaniya po arkheologii SSSR, 104.
Lyaskoronskiy, V. G. 1907. Gorodishcha. kurgany i dlinnyye (zmiyevyye) valy po techeniyu rr. Psla i Vorskly. Trudy XIII Arkheologicheskogo syezda, I, s. 158-198.
Makarenko, N. 1917. Gorodishcha i kurgany Poltavskoy gubernii: (Sbornik topograficheskikh svedeniy). Poltava: PUAK.
Makarenko, M. O. 1925. Horodyshche «Monastyryshche». Kyiv: Derzhvydav Ukrainy. Naukovyi zbirnyk Istorychnoi sektsii VUAN, 19.
Myronenko, K. M. 1998. Davnoruski poselennia Nyzhnoho Povorsklia. Arkheolohichnyi litopys Livoberezhnoi Ukrainy, 1—2, s. 66-70.
Myronenko, K. M. 2003. Zvit pro arkheolohichni rozvidky v pivdennii okruzi Velykoho ukriplennia Bilskoho horodyshcha ta na Nyzhnomu Psli u 1998 r. Naukovyi arkhiv TsODPA, f. e., spr. 360.
Priymak, V. V. 1990. Orudiya obrabotki pochvy naseleniya Dneprovskogo Levoberezhia VIII—X vv. In: Tolochko, P. P. (ed.). Problemy arkheologii Yuzhnoy Rusi: Materialy istoriko-arkheologicheskogo seminara «Chernigov i ego okruga v IX — XIII vv.». Chernigov, 26—28 sentyabrya 1988 g. Kiev: Naukova dumka, s. 69-72.
Pryimak, V. V. 1996. Okremi aspekty istorii Pivnichnoho Skhodu Dniprovskoho Livoberezhzhia (I tys. do n. e. — poch. II tys. n. e.). In: Suprunenko, O. B. (ed.). Bilske horodyshche v konteksti vyvchennia pam’iatok rannoho zalyznoho viku Yevropy. Poltava: Arkheolohiia, s. 164-171.
Pryimak, V. V. 1999. Rehionalni osblyvosti romenskoi kultury. Arkheolohichnyi litopys Livoberezhnoi Ukrainy, 1, s. 11-19.
Pryimak, V. V., Poriadneva, V. O. 2002. Naseleni punkty na shliakhu z Chernihova do Biloi Vezhi y Tmutorokani. Arkheolohiia, 3, s. 108-114.
Serbin, K. N. (ed.). 1950. Kniga Bolshomu Chertezhu. Moskva; Leningard: AN SSSR.
Suprunenko, O. 1994. Pamiatky arkheolohii Poltavshchyny u dzherelakh XVI—XVII st. Kozatski starozhytnosti Poltavshchyny, 2, s. 133-141.
Suprunenko, O. B. 2007. Z istorii arkheolohichnykh doslidzhen na Poltavshchyni: Korotkyi narys. Kyiv; Poltava: Hrotesk; Arkheolohiia.
Sukhobokov, O. V. 1975. Slavyane Dneprovskogo Levoberezhia (romenskaya kultura i eye predshestvenniki). Kiev: Naukova dumka.
Sukhobokov, O. V. 1992. Dniprovske Lisostepove Livoberezhzhia u VIII—XIII st. (za materialamy arkheolohichnykh doslidzhen 1968—1989 rr.). Kyiv: Naukova dumka.
Sukhobokov, O. V., Yurenko, S. P. Slov’iano-davnoruski pamiatky v okolytsiakh Bilskoho arkheolohichnoho komleksu skifskoi doby. In: Suprunenko, O. B. (ed.). Bilske horodyshche v konteksti vyvchennia pam’iatok rannoho zaliznoho viku Yevropy. Poltava: Arkheolohiia, s. 138-145.
Khvoyka, V. V. 1904. Raskopka mogilnika pri s. Brovarki, Gadyachskogo uyezda Poltavskoy gubernii. Trudy Moskovskogo akheologicheskogo obshchestva, XX, 2, s. 40-48.
Sherstiuk, V. V. 2007. Doslidzhennia riznochasovoho poselennia Hlynsk 4 u Serednomu Povorskli. Arkheolohichnyi litopys Livoberezhnoi Ukrainy, 1—2, s. 13-31.
Shinakov, E. A. 1991. «Vostochnyye territorii» Drevney Rusi v kontse X — nachale XІІІ vv. In: Arkheologiya slavyanskogo Yugo-Vostoka: Materialy k mezhvuzovskoy nauchnoy konferentsii. Voronezh: VPI, s. 82-93.
Yurenko. S. P. 1978. Otchet o rabote razvedgruppy Levoberezhnogo Slavyano-Russkogo otryada Srednedneprovskoy kompleksnoy arkheologicheskoy ekspeditsii IA AN USSR v 1977 godu. Naukoviy arkhіv TsODPA, f. e., spr. 63.

Abstract views: 40
PDF Downloads: 68
Published
2019-03-25
How to Cite
Puholovok, Y. O. (2019). SOUTHERN BORDER OF THE ROMNY CULTURE. Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine, 30(1), 54-61. https://doi.org/10.37445/adiu.2019.01.05